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A Multi-Scale Flood Monitoring System Based on Fully Automatic MODIS and TerraSAR-X Processing Chains
German Remote Sensing Data Center (DFD), German Aerospace Center (DLR), Oberpfaffenhofen, D-82234 Wessling, Germany
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 September 2013; in revised form: 21 October 2013 / Accepted: 23 October 2013 / Published: 29 October 2013
Abstract: A two-component fully automated flood monitoring system is described and evaluated. This is a result of combining two individual flood services that are currently under development at DLR’s (German Aerospace Center) Center for Satellite based Crisis Information (ZKI) to rapidly support disaster management activities. A first-phase monitoring component of the system systematically detects potential flood events on a continental scale using daily-acquired medium spatial resolution optical data from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS). A threshold set controls the activation of the second-phase crisis component of the system, which derives flood information at higher spatial detail using a Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) based satellite mission (TerraSAR-X). The proposed activation procedure finds use in the identification of flood situations in different spatial resolutions and in the time-critical and on demand programming of SAR satellite acquisitions at an early stage of an evolving flood situation. The automated processing chains of the MODIS (MFS) and the TerraSAR-X Flood Service (TFS) include data pre-processing, the computation and adaptation of global auxiliary data, thematic classification, and the subsequent dissemination of flood maps using an interactive web-client. The system is operationally demonstrated and evaluated via the monitoring two recent flood events in Russia 2013 and Albania/Montenegro 2013.
Keywords: TerraSAR-X; MODIS; flood; disaster; automatic thresholding; fuzzy logic; Web GIS; multi-scale monitoring; cloud shadow modeling
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Martinis, S.; Twele, A.; Strobl, C.; Kersten, J.; Stein, E. A Multi-Scale Flood Monitoring System Based on Fully Automatic MODIS and TerraSAR-X Processing Chains. Remote Sens. 2013, 5, 5598-5619.
Martinis S, Twele A, Strobl C, Kersten J, Stein E. A Multi-Scale Flood Monitoring System Based on Fully Automatic MODIS and TerraSAR-X Processing Chains. Remote Sensing. 2013; 5(11):5598-5619.
Martinis, Sandro; Twele, André; Strobl, Christian; Kersten, Jens; Stein, Enrico. 2013. "A Multi-Scale Flood Monitoring System Based on Fully Automatic MODIS and TerraSAR-X Processing Chains." Remote Sens. 5, no. 11: 5598-5619.