Abstract: Vegetation plays an important role in stabilizing the soil and decreasing fluvial erosion. In certain cases, vegetation increases the accumulation of fine sediments. Efficient and accurate methods are required for mapping and monitoring changes in the fluvial environment. Here, we develop an area-based approach for mapping and monitoring the vegetation structure along a river channel. First, a 2 × 2 m grid was placed over the study area. Metrics describing vegetation density and height were derived from mobile laser-scanning (MLS) data and used to predict the variables in the nearest-neighbor (NN) estimations. The training data were obtained from aerial images. The vegetation cover type was classified into the following four classes: bare ground, field layer, shrub layer, and canopy layer. Multi-temporal MLS data sets were applied to the change detection of riverine vegetation. This approach successfully classified vegetation cover with an overall classification accuracy of 72.6%; classification accuracies for bare ground, field layer, shrub layer, and canopy layer were 79.5%, 35.0%, 45.2% and 100.0%, respectively. Vegetation changes were detected primarily in outer river bends. These results proved that our approach was suitable for mapping riverine vegetation.
Keywords: LiDAR; mobile laser scanning (MLS); riverine environment; river bank; vegetation; change detection
This is an open access article distributed under the
Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution,
and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Export to BibTeX
MDPI and ACS Style
Saarinen, N.; Vastaranta, M.; Vaaja, M.; Lotsari, E.; Jaakkola, A.; Kukko, A.; Kaartinen, H.; Holopainen, M.; Hyyppä, H.; Alho, P. Area-Based Approach for Mapping and Monitoring Riverine Vegetation Using Mobile Laser Scanning. Remote Sens. 2013, 5, 5285-5303.
Saarinen N, Vastaranta M, Vaaja M, Lotsari E, Jaakkola A, Kukko A, Kaartinen H, Holopainen M, Hyyppä H, Alho P. Area-Based Approach for Mapping and Monitoring Riverine Vegetation Using Mobile Laser Scanning. Remote Sensing. 2013; 5(10):5285-5303.
Saarinen, Ninni; Vastaranta, Mikko; Vaaja, Matti; Lotsari, Eliisa; Jaakkola, Anttoni; Kukko, Antero; Kaartinen, Harri; Holopainen, Markus; Hyyppä, Hannu; Alho, Petteri. 2013. "Area-Based Approach for Mapping and Monitoring Riverine Vegetation Using Mobile Laser Scanning." Remote Sens. 5, no. 10: 5285-5303.