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Remote Sens. 2012, 4(5), 1146-1161; doi:10.3390/rs4051146
Article

Architecture and Methods for Innovative Heterogeneous Wireless Sensor Network Applications

1,* , 2,*  and 2,*
1 Tekever, Rua das Musas 3.30, 1990-113 Lisboa, Portugal 2 Dipartimento di Energia, Politecnico di Milano, Via La Masa 34, I-20156 Milano, Italy
* Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 March 2012 / Revised: 18 April 2012 / Accepted: 19 April 2012 / Published: 27 April 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) based Remote Sensing)
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Abstract

Nowadays wireless sensor netwoks (WSN) technology, wireless communications and digital electronics have made it realistic to produce a large scale miniaturized devices integrating sensing, processing and communication capabilities. The focus of this paper is to present an innovative mobile platform for heterogeneous sensor networks, combined with adaptive methods to optimize the communication architecture for novel potential applications in multimedia and entertainment. In fact, in the near future, some of the applications foreseen for WSNs will employ multi-platform systems with a high number of different devices, which may be completely different in nature, size, computational and energy capabilities, etc. Nowadays, in addition, data collection could be performed by UAV platforms which can be a sink for ground sensors layer, acting essentially as a mobile gateway. In order to maximize the system performances and the network lifespan, the authors propose a recently developed hybrid technique based on evolutionary algorithms. The goal of this procedure is to optimize the communication energy consumption in WSN by selecting the optimal multi-hop routing schemes, with a suitable hybridization of different routing criteria. The proposed approach can be potentially extended and applied to ongoing research projects focused on UAV-based sensing with WSN augmentation and real-time processing for immersive media experiences.
Keywords: Wireless Sensor Network (WSN); heterogeneous architecture; UAV; multimedia application Wireless Sensor Network (WSN); heterogeneous architecture; UAV; multimedia application
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Antonio, P.; Grimaccia, F.; Mussetta, M. Architecture and Methods for Innovative Heterogeneous Wireless Sensor Network Applications. Remote Sens. 2012, 4, 1146-1161.

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