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Tree Species Detection Accuracies Using Discrete Point Lidar and Airborne Waveform Lidar
School of Environmental and Forest Sciences, University of Washington, Box 352100, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 December 2011; in revised form: 30 January 2012 / Accepted: 30 January 2012 / Published: 2 February 2012
Abstract: Species information is a key component of any forest inventory. However, when performing forest inventory from aerial scanning Lidar data, species classification can be very difficult. We investigated changes in classification accuracy while identifying five individual tree species (Douglas-fir, western redcedar, bigleaf maple, red alder, and black cottonwood) in the Pacific Northwest United States using two data sets: discrete point Lidar data alone and discrete point data in combination with waveform Lidar data. Waveform information included variables which summarize the frequency domain representation of all waveforms crossing individual trees. Discrete point data alone provided 79.2 percent overall accuracy (kappa = 0.74) for all 5 species and up to 97.8 percent (kappa = 0.96) when comparing individual pairs of these 5 species. Incorporating waveform information improved the overall accuracy to 85.4 percent (kappa = 0.817) for five species, and in several two-species comparisons. Improvements were most notable in comparing the two conifer species and in comparing two of the three hardwood species.
Keywords: Support Vector Machine; fullwave lidar; discrete Fourier transform; forest inventory
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MDPI and ACS Style
Vaughn, N.R.; Moskal, L.M.; Turnblom, E.C. Tree Species Detection Accuracies Using Discrete Point Lidar and Airborne Waveform Lidar. Remote Sens. 2012, 4, 377-403.
Vaughn NR, Moskal LM, Turnblom EC. Tree Species Detection Accuracies Using Discrete Point Lidar and Airborne Waveform Lidar. Remote Sensing. 2012; 4(2):377-403.
Vaughn, Nicholas R.; Moskal, L. Monika; Turnblom, Eric C. 2012. "Tree Species Detection Accuracies Using Discrete Point Lidar and Airborne Waveform Lidar." Remote Sens. 4, no. 2: 377-403.