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Remote Sens. 2012, 4(11), 3390-3416; doi:10.3390/rs4113390
Article

Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) for Monitoring Soil Erosion in Morocco

1,* , 1
,
2
 and
2
1 Remote Sensing & GIS Research Group, Department of Physical Geography, Goethe University Frankfurt am Main, D-60438 Frankfurt am Main, Germany 2 Department of Physical Geography, University of Trier, D-54286 Trier, Germany
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 August 2012 / Revised: 16 October 2012 / Accepted: 17 October 2012 / Published: 7 November 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) based Remote Sensing)
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Abstract

This article presents an environmental remote sensing application using a UAV that is specifically aimed at reducing the data gap between field scale and satellite scale in soil erosion monitoring in Morocco. A fixed-wing aircraft type Sirius I (MAVinci, Germany) equipped with a digital system camera (Panasonic) is employed. UAV surveys are conducted over different study sites with varying extents and flying heights in order to provide both very high resolution site-specific data and lower-resolution overviews, thus fully exploiting the large potential of the chosen UAV for multi-scale mapping purposes. Depending on the scale and area coverage, two different approaches for georeferencing are used, based on high-precision GCPs or the UAV’s log file with exterior orientation values respectively. The photogrammetric image processing enables the creation of Digital Terrain Models (DTMs) and ortho-image mosaics with very high resolution on a sub-decimetre level. The created data products were used for quantifying gully and badland erosion in 2D and 3D as well as for the analysis of the surrounding areas and landscape development for larger extents.
Keywords: UAV; SFAP; soil erosion; monitoring; photogrammetry UAV; SFAP; soil erosion; monitoring; photogrammetry
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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d'Oleire-Oltmanns, S.; Marzolff, I.; Peter, K.D.; Ries, J.B. Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) for Monitoring Soil Erosion in Morocco. Remote Sens. 2012, 4, 3390-3416.

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