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Modeling Relationships among 217 Fires Using Remote Sensing of Burn Severity in Southern Pine Forests
School of Forest Resources and Conservation, University of Florida, Newins-Ziegler Hall, P.O. Box 110410, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alabama, 407 Biology Bldg, P.O. Box 870344, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487, USA
School of Forest Resources and Conservation, University of Florida, 1200 N. Park Road, Plant City, FL 33563, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 July 2011; in revised form: 20 August 2011 / Accepted: 29 August 2011 / Published: 7 September 2011
Abstract: Pine flatwoods forests in the southeastern US have experienced severe wildfires over the past few decades, often attributed to fuel load build-up. These forest communities are fire dependent and require regular burning for ecosystem maintenance and health. Although prescribed fire has been used to reduce wildfire risk and maintain ecosystem integrity, managers are still working to reintroduce fire to long unburned areas. Common perception holds that reintroduction of fire in long unburned forests will produce severe fire effects, resulting in a reluctance to prescribe fire without first using expensive mechanical fuels reduction techniques. To inform prioritization and timing of future fire use, we apply remote sensing analysis to examine the set of conditions most likely to result in high burn severity effects, in relation to vegetation, years since the previous fire, and historical fire frequency. We analyze Landsat imagery-based differenced Normalized Burn Ratios (dNBR) to model the relationships between previous and future burn severity to better predict areas of potential high severity. Our results show that remote sensing techniques are useful for modeling the relationship between elevated risk of high burn severity and the amount of time between fires, the type of fire (wildfire or prescribed burn), and the historical frequency of fires in pine flatwoods forests.
Keywords: burn severity; remote sensing; differenced normalized burn ratios; fire frequency; pine flatwoods forest; fire model; wildfire; prescribed fire
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Malone, S.L.; Kobziar, L.N.; Staudhammer, C.L.; Abd-Elrahman, A. Modeling Relationships among 217 Fires Using Remote Sensing of Burn Severity in Southern Pine Forests. Remote Sens. 2011, 3, 2005-2028.
Malone SL, Kobziar LN, Staudhammer CL, Abd-Elrahman A. Modeling Relationships among 217 Fires Using Remote Sensing of Burn Severity in Southern Pine Forests. Remote Sensing. 2011; 3(9):2005-2028.
Malone, Sparkle L.; Kobziar, Leda N.; Staudhammer, Christina L.; Abd-Elrahman, Amr. 2011. "Modeling Relationships among 217 Fires Using Remote Sensing of Burn Severity in Southern Pine Forests." Remote Sens. 3, no. 9: 2005-2028.