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Remote Sens. 2011, 3(6), 1266-1283; doi:10.3390/rs3061266

Estimating Surface Soil Moisture from TerraSAR-X Data over Two Small Catchments in the Sahelian Part of Western Niger

CEMAGREF, UMR TETIS, 500 rue François Breton, 34093 Montpellier Cedex 5, France
SIRS, 59650 Villeneuve d’Ascq, France
Université de Reims Champagne Ardenne, GEGENA EA 3795, 51687 Reims, France
IRD, BIOEMCO, Niamey, Niger
CESBIO, 31401 Toulouse, France
BRGM, RNSC, 34000 Montpellier, France
Remote Sensing Centre, Lebanese National Council for Scientific Research, Beirut, Lebanon
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 22 April 2011 / Revised: 15 June 2011 / Accepted: 15 June 2011 / Published: 23 June 2011
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The objective of this study is to validate an approach based on the change detection in multitemporal TerraSAR images (X-band) for mapping soil moisture in the Sahelian area. In situ measurements were carried out simultaneously with TerraSAR-X acquisitions on two study sites in Niger. The results show the need for comparing the difference between the rainy season image and a reference image acquired in the dry season. The use of two images enables a reduction of the roughness effects. The soils of plateaus covered with erosion crusts are dry throughout the year while the fallows show more significant moisture during the rainy season. The accuracy on the estimate of soil moisture is about 2.3% (RMSE) in comparison with in situ moisture contents. View Full-Text
Keywords: soil moisture estimation; Sahel; TerraSAR-X; biological crust soil moisture estimation; Sahel; TerraSAR-X; biological crust

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Baghdadi, N.; Camus, P.; Beaugendre, N.; Issa, O.M.; Zribi, M.; Desprats, J.F.; Rajot, J.L.; Abdallah, C.; Sannier, C. Estimating Surface Soil Moisture from TerraSAR-X Data over Two Small Catchments in the Sahelian Part of Western Niger. Remote Sens. 2011, 3, 1266-1283.

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