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Object-Based Image Analysis for Detection of Japanese Knotweed s.l. taxa (Polygonaceae) in Wales (UK)
Faculty of Health, Sport & Science (HESAS), University of Glamorgan, Pontypridd CF37 1DL, UK
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 December 2010; in revised form: 10 February 2011 / Accepted: 12 February 2011 / Published: 16 February 2011
Abstract: Japanese Knotweed s.l. taxa are amongst the most aggressive vascular plant Invasive Alien Species (IAS) in the world. These taxa form dense, suppressive monocultures and are persistent, pervasive invaders throughout the more economically developed countries (MEDCs) of the world. The current paper utilises the Object-Based Image Analysis (OBIA) approach of Definiens Imaging Developer software, in combination with very high spatial resolution (VHSR) colour infra-red (CIR) and visible‑band (RGB) aerial photography in order to detect Japanese Knotweed s.l. taxa in Wales (UK). An algorithm was created using Definiens in order to detect these taxa, using variables found to effectively distinguish them from landscape and vegetation features. The results of the detection algorithm were accurate, as confirmed by field validation and desk‑based studies. Further, these results may be incorporated into Geographical Information Systems (GIS) research as they are readily transferable as vector polygons (shapefiles). The successful detection results developed within the Definiens software should enable greater management and control efficacy. Further to this, the basic principles of the detection process could enable detection of these taxa worldwide, given the (relatively) limited technical requirements necessary to conduct further analyses.
Keywords: algorithm; Definiens; geographical information systems (GIS); invasive alien species (IAS); Japanese Knotweed s.l. taxa; object-based image analysis (OBIA); remote sensing (RS); s.l. (sensu lato); very high spatial resolution (VHSR) imagery
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Jones, D.; Pike, S.; Thomas, M.; Murphy, D. Object-Based Image Analysis for Detection of Japanese Knotweed s.l. taxa (Polygonaceae) in Wales (UK). Remote Sens. 2011, 3, 319-342.
Jones D, Pike S, Thomas M, Murphy D. Object-Based Image Analysis for Detection of Japanese Knotweed s.l. taxa (Polygonaceae) in Wales (UK). Remote Sensing. 2011; 3(2):319-342.
Jones, Daniel; Pike, Stephen; Thomas, Malcolm; Murphy, Denis. 2011. "Object-Based Image Analysis for Detection of Japanese Knotweed s.l. taxa (Polygonaceae) in Wales (UK)." Remote Sens. 3, no. 2: 319-342.