Next Article in Journal
Design and First Results of an UAV-Borne L-Band Radiometer for Multiple Monitoring Purposes
Previous Article in Journal
Global Patterns of Cropland Use Intensity
Remote Sens. 2010, 2(7), 1644-1661; doi:10.3390/rs2071644
Article

Normalizing and Converting Image DC Data Using Scatter Plot Matching

1,*  and 2
Received: 20 April 2010; in revised form: 11 May 2010 / Accepted: 7 June 2010 / Published: 24 June 2010
Download PDF [1654 KB, uploaded 19 June 2014]
Abstract: Remote sensing image data from sources such as Landsat or airborne multispectral digital cameras are typically in the form of digital count (DC) values. To compare images acquired by the same sensor system on different dates, or images acquired by different sensor systems, it is necessary to correct for differences in the DC values due to sensor characteristics (gain and offset), illumination of the surface (a function of sun angle), and atmospheric clarity. A method is described for normalizing one image to another, or converting image DC values to surface reflectance. This method is based on the identification of pseudo-invariant features (bare soil line and full canopy point) in the scatter plot of red and near-infrared image pixel values. The method, called “scatter plot matching” (SPM), is demonstrated by normalizing a Landsat-7 ETM+ image to a Landsat-5 TM image, and by converting the pixel DC values in a Landsat-5 TM image to values of surface reflectance. While SPM has some limitations, it represents a simple, straight-forward method for calibrating remote sensing image data.
Keywords: remote sensing; surface reflectance; ground cover; soil line; calibration; pseudo-invariant features; canopy reflectance; Landsat remote sensing; surface reflectance; ground cover; soil line; calibration; pseudo-invariant features; canopy reflectance; Landsat
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Maas, S.J.; Rajan, N. Normalizing and Converting Image DC Data Using Scatter Plot Matching. Remote Sens. 2010, 2, 1644-1661.

AMA Style

Maas SJ, Rajan N. Normalizing and Converting Image DC Data Using Scatter Plot Matching. Remote Sensing. 2010; 2(7):1644-1661.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Maas, Stephan J.; Rajan, Nithya. 2010. "Normalizing and Converting Image DC Data Using Scatter Plot Matching." Remote Sens. 2, no. 7: 1644-1661.


Remote Sens. EISSN 2072-4292 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert