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Remote Sens. 2010, 2(3), 819-832; doi:10.3390/rs2030819

Acquisition of Bidirectional Reflectance Factor Dataset Using a Micro Unmanned Aerial Vehicle and a Consumer Camera

Finnish Geodetic Institute, Geodeetinrinne 2, 02431 Masala, Finland
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Received: 20 January 2010 / Revised: 23 February 2010 / Accepted: 24 February 2010 / Published: 22 March 2010
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Abstract

This paper describes a method for retrieving the bidirectional reflectance factor (BRF) of land-surface areas, using a small consumer camera on board an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) and introducing an advanced calibration routine. Images with varying view directions were taken of snow cover using the UAV. The vignetting effect was corrected from the images, and reflectance factor images were calculated using a calibrated white target as a reference. After spatial registration of the images using a corresponding point method, the target surface was divided into a grid, and a BRF was generated for each grid element. Lastly a model was fitted to the BRF dataset for data interpretation. The retrieved BRF were compared to parallel ground measurements. Comparison showed similar BRF and reflectance factor characteristics, which suggests that accurate measurements can be taken with cheap consumer cameras, if enough attention is paid to calibration of the images.
Keywords: BRF; BRDF; unmanned aerial vehicle; UAV; reflectance; consumer camera; airborne imaging BRF; BRDF; unmanned aerial vehicle; UAV; reflectance; consumer camera; airborne imaging
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Hakala, T.; Suomalainen, J.; Peltoniemi, J.I. Acquisition of Bidirectional Reflectance Factor Dataset Using a Micro Unmanned Aerial Vehicle and a Consumer Camera. Remote Sens. 2010, 2, 819-832.

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