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Remote Sens. 2018, 10(4), 530; https://doi.org/10.3390/rs10040530

TU1208 Open Database of Radargrams: The Dataset of the IFSTTAR Geophysical Test Site

1
Institut Francais des Sciences et Technologies des Transports, de l’Amenagement et des Reseaux (IFSTTAR), CS 04–44344 Bouguenais CEDEX, France
2
Department of Information Engineering, Electronics and Telecommunications, Sapienza University of Rome, via Eudossiana 18, 00184 Rome, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 February 2018 / Revised: 16 March 2018 / Accepted: 26 March 2018 / Published: 29 March 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recent Advances in GPR Imaging)

Abstract

This paper aims to present a wide dataset of ground penetrating radar (GPR) profiles recorded on a full-size geophysical test site, in Nantes (France). The geophysical test site was conceived to reproduce objects and obstacles commonly met in the urban subsurface, in a completely controlled environment; since the design phase, the site was especially adapted to the context of radar-based techniques. After a detailed description of the test site and its building process, the GPR profiles included in the dataset are presented and commented on. Overall, 67 profiles were recorded along eleven parallel lines crossing the test site in the transverse direction; three pulsed radar systems were used to perform the measurements, manufactured by different producers and equipped with various antennas having central frequencies from 200 MHz to 900 MHz. An archive containing all profiles (raw data) is enclosed to this paper as supplementary material. This dataset is the core part of the Open Database of Radargrams initiative of COST (European Cooperation in Science and Technology) Action TU1208 “Civil engineering applications of Ground Penetrating Radar”. The idea beyond such initiative is to share with the scientific community a selection of interesting and reliable GPR responses, to enable an effective benchmark for direct and inverse electromagnetic approaches, imaging methods and signal processing algorithms. We hope that the dataset presented in this paper will be enriched by the contributions of further users in the future, who will visit the test site and acquire new data with their GPR systems. Moreover, we hope that the dataset will be made alive by researchers who will perform advanced analyses of the profiles, measure the electromagnetic characteristics of the host materials, contribute with synthetic radargrams obtained by modeling the site with electromagnetic simulators, and more in general share results achieved by applying their techniques on the available profiles. View Full-Text
Keywords: ground penetrating radar; non-destructive testing; near-surface geophysics; test site ground penetrating radar; non-destructive testing; near-surface geophysics; test site
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Dérobert, X.; Pajewski, L. TU1208 Open Database of Radargrams: The Dataset of the IFSTTAR Geophysical Test Site. Remote Sens. 2018, 10, 530.

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