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An Automated Artificial Neural Network System for Land Use/Land Cover Classification from Landsat TM Imagery
ERDAS Inc., China Life Tower No. 16, Chao Yang Men Wai Street, Chao Yang District, Beijing, China
Center for Earth Observation, College of Natural Resources, Campus Box 7106, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina, 27695-8008, USA
Center for Earth Observation, College of Natural Resources and College of Engineering, Campus Box 7106, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina, 27695-8008, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 June 2009; in revised form: 23 June 2009 / Accepted: 24 June 2009 / Published: 9 July 2009
Abstract: This paper focuses on an automated ANN classification system consisting of two modules: an unsupervised Kohonen’s Self-Organizing Mapping (SOM) neural network module, and a supervised Multilayer Perceptron (MLP) neural network module using the Backpropagation (BP) training algorithm. Two training algorithms were provided for the SOM network module: the standard SOM, and a refined SOM learning algorithm which incorporated Simulated Annealing (SA). The ability of our automated ANN system to perform Land-Use/Land-Cover (LU/LC) classifications of a Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) image was tested using a supervised MLP network, an unsupervised SOM network, and a combination of SOM with SA network. Our case study demonstrated that the ANN classification system fulfilled the tasks of network training pattern creation, network training, and network generalization. The results from the three networks were assessed via a comparison with reference data derived from the high spatial resolution Digital Colour Infrared (CIR) Digital Orthophoto Quarter Quad (DOQQ) data. The supervised MLP network obtained the most accurate classification accuracy as compared to the two unsupervised SOM networks. Additionally, the classification performance of the refined SOM network was found to be significantly better than that of the standard SOM network essentially due to the incorporation of SA. This is mainly due to the SA-assisted classification utilizing the scheduling cooling scheme. It is concluded that our automated ANN classification system can be utilized for LU/LC applications and will be particularly useful when traditional statistical classification methods are not suitable due to a statistically abnormal distribution of the input data.
Keywords: automated artificial neural network; simulated annealing; Kohonen’s self-organizing mapping; Landsat TM; land use land cover; image classifiers; image processing; accuracy assessment
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MDPI and ACS Style
Yuan, H.; Van Der Wiele, C.F.; Khorram, S. An Automated Artificial Neural Network System for Land Use/Land Cover Classification from Landsat TM Imagery. Remote Sens. 2009, 1, 243-265.
Yuan H, Van Der Wiele CF, Khorram S. An Automated Artificial Neural Network System for Land Use/Land Cover Classification from Landsat TM Imagery. Remote Sensing. 2009; 1(3):243-265.
Yuan, Hui; Van Der Wiele, Cynthia F.; Khorram, Siamak. 2009. "An Automated Artificial Neural Network System for Land Use/Land Cover Classification from Landsat TM Imagery." Remote Sens. 1, no. 3: 243-265.