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Sustainability 2017, 9(9), 1613; doi:10.3390/su9091613

Thermal Ceramic Panels and Passive Systems in Mediterranean Housing: Energy Savings and Environmental Impacts

Department of Building Construction, University of Alicante, 03080 Alicante, Spain
Received: 1 August 2017 / Revised: 5 September 2017 / Accepted: 8 September 2017 / Published: 11 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable and Resource–Efficient Homes and Communities)

Abstract

This research examines the benefits of designing a living space in a basement, as a method of passive temperature control in summer, combined with thermal ceramic panels (TCP) on some walls. These panels incorporate a capillary system of polypropylene tubes which work with cold water. We studied a detached house on the coast of Alicante, where the moderate temperature of the ground tempered interior conditions of comfort using the flow of air from the basement, significantly reducing energy demand and environmental impacts. This reduction was quantified through simulations using the Design Builder tool, having previously monitored the state of the building, on scenarios of a house without a basement, a house with a basement and an all-air system, and a house with a basement and radiant surfaces, using TCP panels on walls. This latter passive system led to a 10.25% reduction in annual energy demand. When we combined it with the two possible air conditioning systems, comfort achieved using the TCP panel system improved by 45.8% compared to the all air system in the living room on the ground floor and by 17% in the basement living room. In addition, annual energy demand and environmental impacts deriving from the use of the installation decreased by 31.8% with the TCP system. View Full-Text
Keywords: energy efficiency; healthy climate control; eco-friendly; investment payback period; thermal bridges; interior air quality; sound level energy efficiency; healthy climate control; eco-friendly; investment payback period; thermal bridges; interior air quality; sound level
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Echarri, V. Thermal Ceramic Panels and Passive Systems in Mediterranean Housing: Energy Savings and Environmental Impacts. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1613.

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