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Sustainability 2017, 9(9), 1598; doi:10.3390/su9091598

Human Mobility Analysis for Extracting Local Interactions under Rapid Socio-Economic Transformation in Dawei, Myanmar

1
School of Engineering and Technology, Asian Institute of Technology, Moo 9 km 42 Phaholyothin Rd, Klong Nueng, Klong Luang, Pathumthani 12120, Thailand
2
Graduate School of Sciences and Technology for Innovation, Yamaguchi University, Yamaguchi 755-8611, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 July 2017 / Revised: 28 August 2017 / Accepted: 2 September 2017 / Published: 7 September 2017
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Abstract

Understanding human mobility patterns provides knowledge about impacts of a socio-economic transformation in a rapidly urbanizing environment. This study assesses a long-term mobility data which uses a face-to-face questionnaire and GPS logger-based method of data collection for extracting socio-economic impacts from the rapid transformation. Conversion of mobility related information such as travel distance, direction, and time from the questionnaire survey into spatiotemporal information was carried out by developing an algorithm. To illustrate the proposed approach, a case study in Dawei Special Economic Zone, Myanmar was conducted. The results show that the questionnaire-based mobility data can be associated with GPS-based mobility data and diverse mobility patterns are found for different social groups in the stage of urban formation. The results enabled an understanding of the human dynamics in interactions, which can be used for monitoring rural sustainability and its challenges in the future with the background of the accelerated project development in the area. View Full-Text
Keywords: human mobility; questionnaire survey; GPS log; Myanmar; urban formation, rural sustainability human mobility; questionnaire survey; GPS log; Myanmar; urban formation, rural sustainability
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Kimijima, S.; Nagai, M. Human Mobility Analysis for Extracting Local Interactions under Rapid Socio-Economic Transformation in Dawei, Myanmar. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1598.

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