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Sustainability 2017, 9(9), 1555; doi:10.3390/su9091555

Establishing a Framework to Evaluate the Effect of Energy Countermeasures Tackling Climate Change and Air Pollution: The Example of China

1
Institute of Energy, Environment and Economy, Tsinghua University, Haidian District, Beijing 100084, China
2
China Automotive Energy Research Center, Tsinghua University, Haidian District, Beijing 100084, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 July 2017 / Revised: 18 August 2017 / Accepted: 29 August 2017 / Published: 11 September 2017
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Abstract

Due to the large-scale utilization of high-carbon fossil energy, considerable amounts of critical air pollutants (CAPs) and greenhouse gas (GHG) have been emitted, which has led to increasingly serious global climate change and local air pollution problems. Given that climate change and air pollution have the same source, energy systems, the rational development and use of energy for collaborative governance should be emphasized to solve these problems in parallel. This paper presents a multi-dimensional, multi-perspective and achievable analysis framework to quantitatively evaluate the emission reduction effects of energy countermeasures aimed at tackling climate change and governing air pollution in support of sustainable development. As a typical developing country pursuing sustainable development, China is taken as an example to demonstrate an application of the proposed framework to assess the emission reduction effects of energy countermeasures issued for tackling climate change and governing air pollution on CAPs and GHG. The results indicate that the key energy actions proposed in this paper would result in emission reductions of approximately 6 million tons (Mt) of CAPs and 575 Mt of GHG in 2016. By 2020 and 2030, emission reductions of 12 Mt of CAPs and 1094 Mt of GHG and of 21 Mt of CAPs and 1975 Mt of GHG, respectively, will be achieved. The proposed framework can effectively help China identify the emissions reduction effect of a given energy countermeasure and support the development of policy describing the next steps for tackling climate change and haze pollution. The proposed framework in this paper is also beneficial for countries similar to China in their efforts to simultaneously address climate change and improve air quality. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainable development; climate change; air pollution; collaborative governance; energy countermeasure; China sustainable development; climate change; air pollution; collaborative governance; energy countermeasure; China
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Yuan, J.; Ou, X.; Wang, G. Establishing a Framework to Evaluate the Effect of Energy Countermeasures Tackling Climate Change and Air Pollution: The Example of China. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1555.

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