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Sustainability 2017, 9(7), 1251; doi:10.3390/su9071251

Waste Management in Industrial Construction: Investigating Contributions from Industrial Ecology

1
Energy Planning Program, Alberto Luiz Coimbra Institute for Research and Post Graduate Studies of Engineering, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, PPE-COPPE-UFRJ, Rio de Janeiro 21941-972, Brazil
2
Centro de Tecnologia, Bloco C, sala 211, Cidade Universitária, Ilha do Fundão, Caixa Postal 68.565, Rio de Janeiro 21941-972, Brazil
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 May 2017 / Revised: 23 June 2017 / Accepted: 10 July 2017 / Published: 18 July 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Engineering and Science)
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Abstract

The need for effective construction waste management is growing in importance, due to the increasing generation of construction waste and to its adverse impacts on the environment. However, despite the numerous studies on construction waste management, recovery of construction waste through Industrial Symbiosis and the adoption of other inter-firm practices, comprised within Industrial Ecology field of study, have not been fully explored. The present research aims to investigate Industrial Ecology contributions to waste management in industrial construction. The waste management strategies adopted in two industrial construction projects in Brazil are analyzed. The main waste streams generated are identified, recycling and landfilling diversion rates are presented and waste recovery through Industrial Symbiosis is discussed. A SWOT analysis was carried out. Results demonstrate that 9% of the waste produced in one of the projects was recovered through Industrial Symbiosis, while in the other project, waste recovery through Industrial Symbiosis achieved the rate of 30%. These data reveal Industrial Symbiosis’ potential to reduce landfilling of industrial construction wastes, contributing to waste recovery in construction. In addition, results show that industrial construction projects can benefit from the following synergies common in Industrial Ecology place-based approaches: centralized waste management service, shared waste management infrastructure and administrative simplification. View Full-Text
Keywords: construction waste management; industrial ecology; industrial symbiosis construction waste management; industrial ecology; industrial symbiosis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Freitas, L.A.R.U.; Magrini, A. Waste Management in Industrial Construction: Investigating Contributions from Industrial Ecology. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1251.

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