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Sustainability 2017, 9(7), 1245; doi:10.3390/su9071245

Experimental Analysis of the Effect of Geometry and Façade Materials on Urban District’s Equivalent Albedo

Engineering Department, Interuniversity Research Centre on Pollution and Environment “Mauro Felli” (CIRIAF), University of Perugia, Via G. Duranti 67, 06125 Perugia, Italy
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Received: 26 May 2017 / Revised: 2 July 2017 / Accepted: 12 July 2017 / Published: 16 July 2017
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Abstract

Urban Heat Island (UHI) is influenced by urban form, geometry, and the properties of surfaces. Retroreflective (RR) materials have been proposed as a countermeasure to UHI, thanks to their optical property of reflecting most of the incident solar energy back towards the same direction. In this paper, the effect of RR materials on urban districts was investigated. They were applied on building façades of urban districts with different urban forms and orientations. To this aim, an experimental model resembling urban districts with different geometries was built and RR materials on vertical surfaces were tested and compared to conventional construction materials with similar global reflectance. The trend of the instantaneous albedo was monitored during the day and a new parameter called “equivalent albedo” was used to demonstrate the effectiveness of the RR materials. The comparative analysis shows that the RR façades lead to an increase of the equivalent albedo for all of the investigated urban patterns. For a block pattern, the equivalent albedo increase is equal to 3%, while for canyon patterns it is equal to 7%. Results of energy evaluations show that the energy savings obtainable with the use of RR materials is comparable to the values of anthropogenic heat emissions in residential areas. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban heat island; urban district; retroreflective materials; equivalent albedo urban heat island; urban district; retroreflective materials; equivalent albedo
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MDPI and ACS Style

Morini, E.; Castellani, B.; Presciutti, A.; Anderini, E.; Filipponi, M.; Nicolini, A.; Rossi, F. Experimental Analysis of the Effect of Geometry and Façade Materials on Urban District’s Equivalent Albedo. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1245.

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