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Sustainability 2017, 9(7), 1169; doi:10.3390/su9071169

On the Annual Cycle of Meteorological and Geographical Potential of Wind Energy: A Case Study from Southwest Germany

Environmental Meteorology, University of Freiburg, Werthmannstrasse 10, D-79085 Freiburg, Germany
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Received: 1 June 2017 / Revised: 22 June 2017 / Accepted: 29 June 2017 / Published: 4 July 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Energy Sustainability)
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Abstract

Wind energy in Germany has experienced high growth rates over the last few years. The set political target in the German federal state of Baden-Wuerttemberg is to raise the share of wind energy in the overall electricity supply to 10% by 2020. To achieve this goal, detailed information on wind energy potential in Baden-Wuerttemberg is necessary. This study assesses the geographical wind energy potential (GP) in Baden-Wuerttemberg giving a guideline to identify suitable locations for wind energy utilization. The focus of this investigation lies in assessing GP for the mean annual meteorological wind energy potential (MP) as well as for the mean MP in December and August providing information on the seasonal behavior of wind power availability. A GIS-based approach is employed to identify sites without geographical restrictions and with sufficient MP at hub heights of 100 m, 140 m, and 200 m. The study finds that (1) the number of possible sites for wind energy utilization is strongly limited by geographical restrictions, (2) GP is highly dependent on MP and, therefore, (3) GP varies highly throughout a year since MP depends on the seasonal pattern of wind speed in Central Europe, showing high values in winter and low values in summer. View Full-Text
Keywords: meteorological wind energy potential; geographical wind energy potential; annual cycle; Hellmann power law meteorological wind energy potential; geographical wind energy potential; annual cycle; Hellmann power law
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Grau, L.; Jung, C.; Schindler, D. On the Annual Cycle of Meteorological and Geographical Potential of Wind Energy: A Case Study from Southwest Germany. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1169.

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