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Sustainability 2017, 9(7), 1163; doi:10.3390/su9071163

Enzymatic Degradation of Lignin in Soil: A Review

1
Department of Geology and Soil Science, Faculty of Forestry and Wood Technology, Mendel University, Brno 61300, Czech Republic
2
School of Environment & Natural Resources, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
3
College of Professional Studies, Northeastern University, Boston, MA 02115, USA
4
Department of Agri-food Production and Environmental Sciences, University of Florence, Florence 50121, Italy
5
Department of Soil Science, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad 9177948974, Iran
6
Central European Institute of Technology, Brno University of Technology, Brno 61300, Czech Republic
7
Department of Agronomy, Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221 005, (U. P), India
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 March 2017 / Revised: 5 June 2017 / Accepted: 19 June 2017 / Published: 3 July 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Soil Science in Conservation Agricultural Systems)
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Abstract

Lignin is a major component of soil organic matter and also a rich source of carbon dioxide in soils. However, because of its complex structure and recalcitrant nature, lignin degradation is a major challenge. Efforts have been made from time to time to understand the lignin polymeric structure better and develop simpler, economical, and bio-friendly methods of degradation. Certain enzymes from specialized bacteria and fungi have been identified by researchers that can metabolize lignin and enable utilization of lignin-derived carbon sources. In this review, we attempt to provide an overview of the complexity of lignin’s polymeric structure, its distribution in forest soils, and its chemical nature. Herein, we focus on lignin biodegradation by various microorganism, fungi and bacteria present in plant biomass and soils that are capable of producing ligninolytic enzymes such as lignin peroxidase (LiP), manganese peroxidase (MnP), versatile peroxidase (VP), and dye-decolorizing peroxidase (DyP). The relevant and recent reports have been included in this review. View Full-Text
Keywords: ligninolytic enzymes; lignin peroxidase; manganese peroxidase; versatile peroxidase; dye-decolorizing peroxidase; degradation ligninolytic enzymes; lignin peroxidase; manganese peroxidase; versatile peroxidase; dye-decolorizing peroxidase; degradation
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Datta, R.; Kelkar, A.; Baraniya, D.; Molaei, A.; Moulick, A.; Meena, R.S.; Formanek, P. Enzymatic Degradation of Lignin in Soil: A Review. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1163.

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