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Sustainability 2017, 9(7), 1086; doi:10.3390/su9071086

Sustainable Land-Use Planning to Improve the Coastal Resilience of the Social-Ecological Landscape

1,†
,
1,†
,
2
and
2,3,*
1
Department of Environmental Science and Ecological Engineering, Korea University, 145 Anam-ro, Seongbukgu, Seoul 02841, Korea
2
Division of Environmental Science and Ecological Engineering, College of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Korea University, 145 Anam-ro, Seongbukgu, Seoul 02841, Korea
3
Landscape Ecology and Planning Lab., Department of Forestry and Landscape Architecture, Konkuk University, 120 Neungdong-ro, Kwangjin-gu, Seoul 05029, Korea
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 May 2017 / Revised: 13 June 2017 / Accepted: 15 June 2017 / Published: 22 June 2017
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Abstract

The dynamics of land-use transitions decrease the coastal resilience of the social-ecological landscape (SEL), particularly in light of the fact that it is necessary to analyze the causal relationship between the two systems because operations of the social system and the ecological system are correlated. The purpose of this study is to analyze the dynamics of the coastal SEL and create a sustainable land-use planning (SLUP) strategy to enhance coastal resilience. The selected study site was Shindu-ri, South Korea, where land-use transitions are increasing and coastal resilience is therefore decreasing. Systems thinking was used to analyze the study, which was performed in four steps. First, the issues affecting the coastal area in Shindu-ri were defined as coastal landscape management, the agricultural structure, and the tourism industry structure. Second, the main variables for each issue were defined, and causal relationships between the main variables were created. Third, a holistic causal loop diagram was built based on both dynamic thinking and causal thinking. Fourth, five land-uses, including those of the coastal forest, the coastal grassland, the coastal dune, the agricultural area, and developed sites, were selected as leverage points for developing SLUP strategies to increase coastal resilience. The results show that “decrease in the size of the coastal forest”, “decrease in the size of the coastal dune”, and “increase in the size of the coastal grasslands” were considered parts of a land-use plan to enhance the resilience of the Shindu-ri SEL. This study developed integrated coastal land-use planning strategies that may provide effective solutions for complex and dynamic issues in the coastal SEL. Additionally, the results may be utilized as basic data to build and implement coastal land-use planning strategies. View Full-Text
Keywords: resilience; systems thinking; casual loop diagram; coastal dune; coastal landscape; coastal landscape management; coastal green infrastructure resilience; systems thinking; casual loop diagram; coastal dune; coastal landscape; coastal landscape management; coastal green infrastructure
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Kim, M.; You, S.; Chon, J.; Lee, J. Sustainable Land-Use Planning to Improve the Coastal Resilience of the Social-Ecological Landscape. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1086.

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