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Sustainability 2017, 9(5), 714; doi:10.3390/su9050714

Minimum Quantity Lubrication and Carbon Footprint: A Step towards Sustainability

1
Department of Industrial & Management Engineering, Hanyang University, Ansan 15588, Gyeonggi-do, Korea
2
Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering, School of Engineering, Tecnológico de Monterrey, E. Garza Sada 2501 Sur, Monterrey C.P. 64849, Nuevo León, Mexico
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Matthias Finkbeiner
Received: 27 November 2016 / Revised: 18 April 2017 / Accepted: 19 April 2017 / Published: 29 April 2017
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Abstract

In today’s world, there is an increasing awareness among consumers for demanding sustainable products. Several countries have already started working to create strategies for implementing sustainable manufacturing. Other countries are making efforts to access international markets and face intense market competitions in terms of sustainable status of products, which build a huge pressure on manufacturers to avail the concept of sustainable manufacturing. This paper proposes a manufacturing model to minimize total cost of manufacturing and carbon emissions with the effect of variable production quantity to provide sustainable manufacturing. Total cost of manufacturing includes fixed costs and variable costs with the addition of cost of minimum quantity lubrication and imperfect quality items. Minimum quantity lubrication system is an eco-friendly and sustainable, which reduces negative impact on environment and improves workers' safety. This study considers the real situation of imperfect products and proportion of it can be reworked at certain known rate. Numerical example and sensitivity analysis are given by using multiobjective genetic algorithm and goal attainment techniques to illustrate the practical applications of the proposed model. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainable manufacturing; carbon footprint; minimum quantity lubrication; multiobjective optimization; imperfect production sustainable manufacturing; carbon footprint; minimum quantity lubrication; multiobjective optimization; imperfect production
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MDPI and ACS Style

Omair, M.; Sarkar, B.; Cárdenas-Barrón, L.E. Minimum Quantity Lubrication and Carbon Footprint: A Step towards Sustainability. Sustainability 2017, 9, 714.

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