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Sustainability 2017, 9(4), 576; doi:10.3390/su9040576

Life Cycle Assessment of Lubricant Oil Plastic Containers in Brazil

Energy Planning Program, Graduate School of Engineering, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Centro de Tecnologia, bloco C, sala 211-Cidade Universitária, Ilha do Fundão, Rio de Janeiro RJ-21941-972, Brazil
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Academic Editor: Matthias Finkbeiner
Received: 31 January 2017 / Revised: 3 April 2017 / Accepted: 6 April 2017 / Published: 10 April 2017
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Abstract

Brazil, like many emerging countries, has experienced a fast growth in the demand for automobiles in recent decades. This has produced a significant increase in the amount of hazardous waste to be disposed of, including used lubricant oil. Restrictive regulations are being used by many nations to deal with this problem, focusing on treatments, such as recycling, to avoid resource depletion. Specific rules for disposal of used lubricant oil already exist in various countries, including Brazil, but not for its containers. Using the life cycle assessment methodology, this article evaluates different management options for the destination of Lubricant Oil Plastic Containers (LOPCs), comparing recycling and incineration to disposal in an industrial landfill. Results show that reducing the proportion of LOPCs destined to the landfill has positive impacts in lowering the burdens caused in the life cycle of LOPCs. Incineration, which is not a technology used for destination of LOPCs in Brazil, proved to be a promising option when combined with recycling for treatment of this kind of waste. Combining different destinations is also a good option as long as economic, logistics and the environment are taken into consideration. The present paper concludes that emerging countries are able to manage hazardous waste provided that there is adequate legislation and political will along with cooperation from the private sector. This study can be helpful to the decision-making processes concerning hazardous waste, especially for industrial strategies and policy makers. View Full-Text
Keywords: reverse logistics; hazardous waste management; plastic packaging; life cycle assessment; recycling reverse logistics; hazardous waste management; plastic packaging; life cycle assessment; recycling
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Oliveira, M.C.; Magrini, A. Life Cycle Assessment of Lubricant Oil Plastic Containers in Brazil. Sustainability 2017, 9, 576.

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