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Sustainability 2017, 9(3), 406; doi:10.3390/su9030406

The Influence of Local Governance: Effects on the Sustainability of Bioenergy Innovation

1
Norwegian Institute of Bioeconomy Research (NIBIO), 0155 Oslo, Norway
2
Ex Centro Innovazione Sostenibilità Ambientale (CISA), 40046 Bologna, Italy
3
now Agenzia per l’energia e lo Sviluppo Sostenibile (AESS), 41122 Modena, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Antje Klitkou and Teis Hansen
Received: 28 November 2016 / Revised: 6 February 2017 / Accepted: 21 February 2017 / Published: 9 March 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Innovation and Sustainable Development for the Bioeconomy)
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Abstract

This paper deals with processes and outcomes of sustainable bioenergy development in Emilia Romagna. It draws on an on-going research project concerning inclusive innovation in forest-based bioenergy and biogas in Norway, Sweden, Finland and Italy. The goal is to explore how local governance impacts on inclusive innovation processes and triple bottom sustainability of bioenergy development in Emilia Romagna and, ultimately, to contribute to the debate on the bioeconomy. It thus compares the case of biogas and forest-based bioenergy production. The study adopts an analytical framework called Grounded Innovation (GRIP) and the local governance approach. The study uses qualitative methods and particularly semi-structured interviews and governance analysis. The key results show different outcomes on both inclusive innovation and triple bottom-line dimensions. Biogas has not fostered inclusiveness and triple bottom line sustainability benefits, contrary to forest-based bioenergy. The findings indicate that the minor role of local actors, particularly municipalities, in favour of industrial and national interests may jeopardise the sustainability of biobased industries. Besides, policies limited to financial incentives may lead to a land-acquisition rush, unforeseen local environmental effects and exacerbate conflicts. View Full-Text
Keywords: bioenergy; sustainability; grounded innovation; rural development; local governance bioenergy; sustainability; grounded innovation; rural development; local governance
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Cavicchi, B.; Palmieri, S.; Odaldi, M. The Influence of Local Governance: Effects on the Sustainability of Bioenergy Innovation. Sustainability 2017, 9, 406.

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