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Sustainability 2017, 9(2), 270; doi:10.3390/su9020270

Towards Urban Resilience: A Multi-Criteria Analysis of Seismic Vulnerability in Iasi City (Romania)

1
Faculty of Geography and Geology, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, Iasi 700505, Romania
2
Romanian Academy, Department of Iasi, Geography Group, Iasi 700505, Romania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Alexandru Ozunu and Dacinia Crina Petrescu
Received: 11 December 2016 / Revised: 18 January 2017 / Accepted: 8 February 2017 / Published: 15 February 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Resilience to Natural and Man-Made Disasters)
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Abstract

When relating to hazards such as earthquakes, a primary task of a resilience approach is to evaluate vulnerability in an integrative manner by taking into account the most relevant indicators. Focused on Iasi, one of the major Romanian cities which are exposed to the earthquakes originating in Vrancea area, this study aims to assess seismic vulnerability using a multi-criteria analysis of buildings infrastructure and social vulnerability. Several indicators are taken into account, such as physical (related to the characteristics of buildings and terrain) and social indicators (related to population and economic income), as well as the accessibility from/to emergency services/hospitals. The indicators were processed by standardization (Z score), processed and correlated using the principal components analysis (PCA) and integrated within an Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP). By summing the weighted values of the standardized indicators, a (integrated) seismic vulnerability index was obtained. It is a pre-assessment of the seismic vulnerability in Iasi City and also a prerequisite for the identification of the necessary prevention measures to be taken in compliance with the identified spatial patterns of vulnerability as a part of a resilient approach. View Full-Text
Keywords: seismic vulnerability assessment; multi-criteria analysis; Iasi City seismic vulnerability assessment; multi-criteria analysis; Iasi City
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Banica, A.; Rosu, L.; Muntele, I.; Grozavu, A. Towards Urban Resilience: A Multi-Criteria Analysis of Seismic Vulnerability in Iasi City (Romania). Sustainability 2017, 9, 270.

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