Exotic Invasive Shrub Glossy Buckthorn Reduces Restoration Potential for Native Forest Herbs
AbstractInvasive glossy buckthorn could reduce restoration potential for understory native forest herbs by compromising their growth and biodiversity. Few studies of glossy buckthorn’s effects on forest herbs exist, and none were done in early-successional, partially open hardwood forests. This study was conducted in a mature hybrid poplar plantation invaded by buckthorn, located in southeastern Québec. We tested the effect of buckthorn removal on the growth of three forest herb species, whether this effect varied among species, and if canopy type (two poplar clones) influenced this effect. Forest herbs were planted in herbicide (buckthorn removed) and control treatments in the plantation understory, an environment similar to that of early-successional hardwood forests. Over the first two growing seasons, species showed specific reactions to buckthorn cover. Mean relative growth rate (RGR) for Asarum canadense and Polygonatum pubescens was increased in the herbicide treatment (48% and 33%, respectively) and decreased in the control treatment (−35% and −33%, respectively). Sanguinaria canadensis growth was the highest among species, with no difference between treatments. No effects of canopy type were detected. Results suggest that planting forest herbs for restoration purposes may be unsuccessful if buckthorn is present. Important changes in understory flora biodiversity are likely to occur over the long term in forests invaded by buckthorn. View Full-Text
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Hamelin, C.; Gagnon, D.; Truax, B. Exotic Invasive Shrub Glossy Buckthorn Reduces Restoration Potential for Native Forest Herbs. Sustainability 2017, 9, 249.
Hamelin C, Gagnon D, Truax B. Exotic Invasive Shrub Glossy Buckthorn Reduces Restoration Potential for Native Forest Herbs. Sustainability. 2017; 9(2):249.Chicago/Turabian Style
Hamelin, Caroline; Gagnon, Daniel; Truax, Benoit. 2017. "Exotic Invasive Shrub Glossy Buckthorn Reduces Restoration Potential for Native Forest Herbs." Sustainability 9, no. 2: 249.