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Sustainability 2017, 9(2), 219; doi:10.3390/su9020219

Rebound Effect or Induced Demand? Analyzing the Compound Dual Effects on VMT in the U.S.

1
The Cho Chun Shik Graduate School of Green Transportation, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Daejeon 34141, Korea
2
Department of Urban Design and Planning, Hongik University, Seoul 04066, Korea
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Md. Kamruzzaman
Received: 1 December 2016 / Revised: 17 January 2017 / Accepted: 24 January 2017 / Published: 7 February 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Urban and Rural Development)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1138 KB, uploaded 7 February 2017]   |  

Abstract

This research explored the dual influence of fuel efficiency and roadway capacity on vehicle distance traveled. The empirical study was conducted by applying a generalized least square (GLS) analysis to the U.S. state-level panel data of fuel efficiency, roadway lane-miles, and vehicle miles traveled (VMT) for over three decades (1980–2010). The analysis confirmed the co-existence of rebound effect and induced demand on driving distances over the decades—improved fuel efficiency and expanded roadway capacity caused additional vehicle distance traveled, partially offsetting the benefits of the measures taken. Furthermore, the results showed that the magnitude of each effect would be unjustifiably overestimated if this dual influence was not taken into consideration. View Full-Text
Keywords: rebound effect; induced demand; feedback effect; fuel efficiency; road lane-mile; vehicle mile traveled rebound effect; induced demand; feedback effect; fuel efficiency; road lane-mile; vehicle mile traveled
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Byun, J.; Park, S.; Jang, K. Rebound Effect or Induced Demand? Analyzing the Compound Dual Effects on VMT in the U.S.. Sustainability 2017, 9, 219.

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