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Sustainability 2017, 9(2), 169; doi:10.3390/su9020169

Industrial Symbiosis, Networking and Innovation: The Potential Role of Innovation Poles

1
Department of Economic Studies, University G. d’Annunzio of Chieti-Pescara, 65127 Pescara, Italy
2
Department of Economics, University of Messina, 98122 Messina, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marc A. Rosen
Received: 17 November 2016 / Revised: 16 January 2017 / Accepted: 19 January 2017 / Published: 24 January 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Diverse Dynamics of Industrial Symbiosis: Emergence and Development)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [531 KB, uploaded 24 January 2017]   |  

Abstract

In the literature, there is much debate on how to make Industrial Symbiosis (IS) successful and on the factors that may potentially affect its implementation, including networking and innovation. They have so far found limited space for investigation in favor of other technical and economic aspects, such as the nature of the processes involved, regulatory issues, economic feasibility, and stakeholders involvement. However, in some cases, they may become relevant, especially when considered together and in their synergistic interaction. An interesting context to be considered in this respect is that of the Innovation Poles (IPs), which are government-sponsored consortia, created within EU programs with the objective of stimulating innovation within network of organizations and that promote the competitiveness in specific industries or value-chains at a local or regional level. In the present article, we firstly discuss how these topics have been so far addressed in IS studies, and then we analyze the main features of the IP model with the aim to understand if, and through which mechanisms, it can contribute to the development and spread of IS. A literature overview through desktop analysis and direct research, which particularly focused on the Italian IPs, provided the knowledge basis of the study. The results highlight the positive role that the IP model could play, both for its institutional activity of production and dissemination of knowledge and innovation, and, mostly, if considered as an applicative context for IS. View Full-Text
Keywords: industrial ecology; industrial symbiosis; innovation; networks; clusters; Innovation Poles industrial ecology; industrial symbiosis; innovation; networks; clusters; Innovation Poles
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Taddeo, R.; Simboli, A.; Ioppolo, G.; Morgante, A. Industrial Symbiosis, Networking and Innovation: The Potential Role of Innovation Poles. Sustainability 2017, 9, 169.

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