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Sustainability 2017, 9(12), 2185; doi:10.3390/su9122185

The Functional Structure Convergence of China’s Coastal Ports

1
Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
2
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
3
School of Geography, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 September 2017 / Revised: 13 November 2017 / Accepted: 23 November 2017 / Published: 28 November 2017
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Abstract

Functional structure is an important part of a port system, and can reflect the resource endowments and economic development needs of the hinterland. In this study, we investigated the transportation function of coastal ports in China from the perspective of cargo structure using a similarity coefficient. Our research considered both adjacent ports and hub ports. We found that the transportation function of some adjacent ports was very similar in terms of outbound structure (e.g., Qinhuangdao and Huanghua) and inbound structure (e.g., Huanghua and Tangshan). Ports around Bohai Bay and the port group in the Yangtze River Delta were the most competitive areas in terms of outbound and inbound structure, respectively. The major contributors to port similarity in different regions varied geographically due to the different market demands and cargo supplies. For adjacent ports, the functional convergence of inbound structure was more serious than the outbound. The convergence between hub ports was more serious than between adjacent ports in terms of both outbound and inbound structure. The average similarity coefficients displayed an increasing trend over time. This study further develops the theory of transport geography, improves our understanding of China’s port transportation system, and can provide reference for policy-makers in their port development decisions. View Full-Text
Keywords: similarity coefficient; China’s coastal ports; functional structure; adjacent ports; hub ports similarity coefficient; China’s coastal ports; functional structure; adjacent ports; hub ports
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Wang, W.; Wang, C.; Jin, F. The Functional Structure Convergence of China’s Coastal Ports. Sustainability 2017, 9, 2185.

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