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Sustainability 2017, 9(12), 2184; doi:10.3390/su9122184

Cost Based Value Stream Mapping as a Sustainable Construction Tool for Underground Pipeline Construction Projects

Department of Civil Engineering, Qatar University, P.O. Box: 2713 Doha, Qatar
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Received: 9 November 2017 / Revised: 22 November 2017 / Accepted: 23 November 2017 / Published: 27 November 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainability in Construction Engineering)
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Abstract

This paper deals with application of Value Stream Mapping (VSM) as a sustainable construction tool on a real construction project of installation of underground pipelines. VSM was adapted to reduce the high percentage of non-value-added activities and time wastes during each construction stage and the paper searched for an effective way to consider the cost for studied construction of underground pipeline. This paper is unique in its way that it adopts cost implementation of VSM to improve the productivity in underground pipeline projects. The data was observed and collected from site during construction, indicating the cycle time, value added and non-value added of each construction stage. The current state was built based on these details. This was an eye-opening exercise and a process management tool as a trigger for improvement. After the current state assessment, a future state is attempted by Value Stream Mapping tool balancing the resources using a Line of Balance (LOB) technique. Moreover, a sustainable cost estimation model was developed during current state and future state to calculate the cost of underground pipeline construction. The result shows a cost reduction of 20.8% between current and future states. This reflects the importance of the cost based Value Stream Mapping in construction as a sustainable measurement tool. This new tool could be utilized in construction industry to add the sustainability and effective cost management. View Full-Text
Keywords: Value Stream Mapping (VSM); Line of Balance (LOB); sustainable construction; underground pipeline project Value Stream Mapping (VSM); Line of Balance (LOB); sustainable construction; underground pipeline project
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Gunduz, M.; Fahmi Naser, A. Cost Based Value Stream Mapping as a Sustainable Construction Tool for Underground Pipeline Construction Projects. Sustainability 2017, 9, 2184.

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