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Sustainability 2017, 9(11), 2033; doi:10.3390/su9112033

Socio-Spatial Factors Affecting Household Recycling in Townhouses in Pretoria, South Africa

1
Department of Town and Regional Planning, University of Pretoria, Private Bag X20, Hatfield 0028, South Africa
2
Department of Psychology, University of Pretoria, Private Bag X20, Hatfield 0028, South Africa
3
Department of Statistics, University of Pretoria, Private Bag X20, Hatfield 0028, South Africa
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 October 2017 / Revised: 26 October 2017 / Accepted: 31 October 2017 / Published: 18 November 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Waste, Space, and Place)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [833 KB, uploaded 18 November 2017]   |  

Abstract

Although social factors affecting recycling have been widely researched, the effect of spatial and physical factors posed by medium-density housing, such as townhouses, is less understood. Using the Theory of Planned Behaviour, the relative effect of three sets of factors on household recycling in townhouses are examined, including ‘attitude’ (about recycling), ‘subjective norm’ (social pressure), and ‘perceived behaviour control’ (ability to recycle). A questionnaire survey of 300 households was conducted in Equestria, an enclosed middle-income residential estate consisting of several townhouse complexes. Confirmatory factor analysis verified the three factor measurement model for recycling participation. Both recyclers and non-recyclers showed positive attitudes toward recycling and felt social pressure to recycle. Non-recyclers, however, felt significantly less able to recycle. Most recyclers as well as non-recyclers indicated that certain proposals for increasing recycling may cause them to recycle more, in particular a system through which the management agency arranges access for a recycling company to collect recyclables from strategically located collection points inside the complex. Urban planning and design recommendations for facilitating recycling in townhouses are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: household recycling; medium-density housing; townhouses; theory of planned behaviour; confirmatory factor analysis household recycling; medium-density housing; townhouses; theory of planned behaviour; confirmatory factor analysis
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du Toit, J.; Wagner, C.; Fletcher, L. Socio-Spatial Factors Affecting Household Recycling in Townhouses in Pretoria, South Africa. Sustainability 2017, 9, 2033.

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