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Sustainability 2017, 9(11), 1966; doi:10.3390/su9111966

Levels of Governance in Policy Innovation Cycles in Community Education: The Cases of Education for Sustainable Development and Climate Change Education

1
Department of Educational Research and Social Systems, Freie Universität Berlin, Habelschwerdter Allee 45, 14195 Berlin, Germany
2
ISCTE-Instituto Universitário de Lisboa and CIES—Centro de Investigação e Estudos de Sociologia, Avenida das Forças Armadas, 1649-026 Lisboa, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 August 2017 / Revised: 16 October 2017 / Accepted: 24 October 2017 / Published: 27 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Adult and Community Education for Sustainability)
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Abstract

While there is little doubt that social networks are essential for processes of implementing social innovations in community education such as Climate Change Education (CCE) or Education for Sustainable Development (ESD), scholars have neglected to analyze these processes in the multilevel governance system using Social Network Analysis. In this article, we contribute to closing this research gap by exploring the implementation of CCE and ESD in education at the regional and global levels. We compare the way CCE is negotiated and implemented within and through the global conferences of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) with the way the UN Decade of ESD is put into practice through networks in five different German municipalities. We argue that the role of social networks is particularly strong in policy areas like CCE and ESD, which are best characterized as multi-level and multi-actor governance. Based on data derived from standardized surveys and from Twitter we analyze the complex interactions of public and private actors at different levels of governance in the two selected policy areas. We find, amongst others, that the implementation of CCE and ESD in community education depends in part on actors that had not been assumed to be influential at the outset. Furthermore, our analyses suggest the different levels of governance are not well integrated throughout the phases of the policy innovation cycle. View Full-Text
Keywords: Education for Sustainable Development (ESD); Climate Change Education (CCE); Social Network Analysis (SNA); multi-level governance Education for Sustainable Development (ESD); Climate Change Education (CCE); Social Network Analysis (SNA); multi-level governance
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Kolleck, N.; Jörgens, H.; Well, M. Levels of Governance in Policy Innovation Cycles in Community Education: The Cases of Education for Sustainable Development and Climate Change Education. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1966.

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