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Sustainability 2017, 9(11), 1951; doi:10.3390/su9111951

Spatial Pattern of Carbon Sequestration and Urban Sustainability: Analysis of Land-Use and Carbon Emission in Guang’an, China

1
Key Laboratory of GeoSpatial Information Technology of Ministry of Land and Resources, Chengdu University of Technology, No.1 Dongsan Road, Erxian Bridge, Chenghua District, Chengdu 610059, China
2
College of Management Science, Chengdu University of Technology, No.1 Dongsan Road, Erxian Bridge, Chenghua District, Chengdu 610059, China
3
College of Earth Sciences, Chengdu University of Technology, No.1 Dongsan Road, Erxian Bridge, Chenghua District, Chengdu 610059, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jianguo (Jingle) Wu
Received: 31 July 2017 / Revised: 6 October 2017 / Accepted: 23 October 2017 / Published: 26 October 2017
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Abstract

The state of the urban carbon cycle is an important indicator for managing fossil energy consumption and land resources and it is also a basis for the planning of urban eco-services and urban sustainable development. This paper aims to analyze the spatial distribution of the carbon cycle of the mono-centric cities, based on the von Thünen concentric ring theory, using the InVEST (Integrated Valuation of Ecosystem Services and Trade-offs) model and an atmospheric diffusion model to assess the carbon sequestration capacity of land cover/use, to estimate carbon emissions, discuss influencing factors that determine changing trends in carbon sequestration capacity and to predict the changing law of the carbon sequestration eco-service spatial pattern based on scenario simulations. The results of this study show: (1) In Guang’an, the spatial distribution of the carbon cycle follows a concentric ring pattern. From the concentric ring pattern center, the first annular zone represents the carbon emissions, which lie at the concentric ring center; the second annular zone represents the carbon sequestration service; and the third annular zone represents stable carbon stock; (2) The structure of the concentric ring has not changed, but the spatial distribution of carbon sequestration and carbon density has changed due to fossil energy consumption and land cover/use change. From 2014 to 2016, the carbon emission zone shrunk, while the carbon sequestration service zone expanded and the carbon density increased—the increase of forest land is the main factor in the increase of carbon density; (3) The current carbon sequestration eco-service in Guang’an is not the best development condition. The planning of urban eco-service spatial patterns and land cover/use should consider the protection of cultivated and ecological areas at the same time. The results of this study can help the government implement spatial planning and regional policy interventions for land cover/use and eco-service. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban sustainable development; carbon sequestration eco-service capacity; spatial distribution of carbon cycle; carbon emission; land cover/use; scenario simulation urban sustainable development; carbon sequestration eco-service capacity; spatial distribution of carbon cycle; carbon emission; land cover/use; scenario simulation
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Li, Z.; Zhong, J.; Sun, Z.; Yang, W. Spatial Pattern of Carbon Sequestration and Urban Sustainability: Analysis of Land-Use and Carbon Emission in Guang’an, China. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1951.

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