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Sustainability 2017, 9(11), 1758; doi:10.3390/su9111758

Analysis of Economical and Environmental Costs for the Selection of Municipal Solid Waste Treatment and Disposal Scenarios through Multicriteria Analysis (ELECTRE Method)

1
Facultad de Ciencias Químicas, Universidad Veracruzana, Circuito Gonzalo Aguirre Beltrán s/n, Zona Universitaria, 91040 Xalapa, Veracruz, Mexico
2
Facultad de Ingeniería Civil, Universidad Veracruzana, Circuito Gonzalo Aguirre Beltrán s/n, Zona Universitaria, 91040 Xalapa, Veracruz, Mexico
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 August 2017 / Revised: 22 September 2017 / Accepted: 26 September 2017 / Published: 30 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Engineering and Science)
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Abstract

Decision-making for the selection of treatment alternatives and landfilling of municipal solid waste (MSW) is based on the experience and judgment of those management responsible, without considering multicriteria analysis. Therefore, the purpose of this research was to determine the treatment scenario and landfilling of MSW with the lowest environmental and economic costs in a medium-sized city. The methodology included the definition and data processing of the project (population, generation, and composition of MSW), for 16 years. In the design of scenarios, recycling, composting, incineration with energy recovery, and landfilling treatments were proposed; later, the combinations of treatments for each type of residue were generated. The results showed 36 scenarios, then the ELECTRE method was applied to the five with the lowest economical and environmental costs. Finally from the latter, one dominant scenario was determined: organic waste in composting; plastic, paper, and glass in recycling; and ‘others’ in landfilling. It is concluded that the final decision on the scenario is adapted to the particular conditions of the locality. View Full-Text
Keywords: multicriteria; ELECTRE; MSW; treatment; scenarios multicriteria; ELECTRE; MSW; treatment; scenarios
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MDPI and ACS Style

De Medina-Salas, L.; Castillo-González, E.; Giraldi-Díaz, M.R.; Guzmán-González, V. Analysis of Economical and Environmental Costs for the Selection of Municipal Solid Waste Treatment and Disposal Scenarios through Multicriteria Analysis (ELECTRE Method). Sustainability 2017, 9, 1758.

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