Next Article in Journal
Understanding Stakeholders’ Influence on Project Success with a New SNA Method: A Case Study of the Green Retrofit in China
Next Article in Special Issue
Smart City Platform Development for an Automated Waste Collection System
Previous Article in Journal
Carbohydrates Components of Some Italian Local Landraces: Garlic (Allium sativum L.)
Previous Article in Special Issue
Driving Force Analysis of the Temporal and Spatial Distribution of Flash Floods in Sichuan Province
Article Menu
Issue 10 (October) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sustainability 2017, 9(10), 1925; doi:10.3390/su9101925

Model to Assess the Quality of Magmatic Rocks for Reliable and Sustainable Constructions

1
Mining Engineering, Surveying and Civil Engineering Department, Faculty of Mines, University of Petrosani, 20 University Street, 332006 Petrosani, Romania
2
Management and Industrial Engineering Department, Faculty of Mines, University of Petrosani, 20 University Street, 332006 Petrosani, Romania
3
Environmental Engineering and Geology Department, Faculty of Mines, University of Petrosani, 20 University Street, 332006 Petrosani, Romania
4
Industrial Engineering and Management Department, Faculty of Engineering, Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu, 10 Victoriei Blv. Street, 550024 Sibiu, Romania
5
Academy of Romanian Scientists, Splaiul Independentei, 54, Sector 5, 010071 Bucharest, Romania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 September 2017 / Revised: 16 October 2017 / Accepted: 17 October 2017 / Published: 24 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Risk Assessment and Management)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [9840 KB, uploaded 26 October 2017]   |  

Abstract

Geomechanical assessment of rocks requires knowledge of phenomena that occur under the influence of internal and external factors at a macroscopic or microscopic scale, when rocks are submitted to different actions. To elucidate the quantitative and qualitative geomechanical behavior of rocks, knowing their geological and physical–mechanical characteristics becomes an imperative. Mineralogical, petrographical and chemical analyses provided an opportunity to identify 15 types of igneous rocks (gabbro, diabases, granites, diorites, rhyolites, andesites, and basalts), divided into plutonic and volcanic rocks. In turn, these have been grouped into acidic, neutral (intermediate) and basic magmatites. A new ranking method is proposed, based on considering the rock characteristics as indicators of quantitative assessment, and the grading system, by given points, allowing the rocks framing in admissibility classes. The paper is structured into two parts, experimental and interpretation of experimental data, showing the methodology to assess the quality of igneous rocks analyzed, and the results of theoretical and experimental research carried out on the analyzed rock types. The proposed method constitutes an appropriate instrument for assessment and verification of the requirements regarding the quality of rocks used for sustainable construction. View Full-Text
Keywords: igneous rock; aggregate; physical–mechanical characteristics; exploitation; conformity; safety level igneous rock; aggregate; physical–mechanical characteristics; exploitation; conformity; safety level
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Toderaş, M.; Moraru, R.I.; Danciu, C.; Buia, G.; Cioca, L.-I. Model to Assess the Quality of Magmatic Rocks for Reliable and Sustainable Constructions. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1925.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top