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Sustainability 2017, 9(10), 1867; doi:10.3390/su9101867

Cleaner Production Applied in a Small Furniture Industry in Brazil: Addressing Focused Changes in Design to Reduce Waste

1
Postgraduate Program in Industrial Engineering (PEI), Federal University of Bahia (UFBA), Salvador 40210-630, Brazil
2
Design department, Arts and Humanities Faculty, Metropolitan Technological Institute (ITM), Medellín 050036, Colombia
3
Industrial Engineering Faculty, University of Holguin, Holguín 80100, Cuba
4
Pontifical Bolivarian University (UPB), Medellín 050031, Colombia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 August 2017 / Revised: 29 September 2017 / Accepted: 13 October 2017 / Published: 18 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainability and Materials)
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Abstract

The wood industry is known for being among the biggest resource consumers, having a relatively low yield. The wood furniture industry as part of the wood industry also remains a big generator of residues and a big consumer of resources. Diverse solutions and technologies have been developed to deal with the residues generated, but those technologies are mostly applied at the end of the production chain with limited results. Cleaner production represents a program based on continuous strategies applied to a more sustainable use of materials and energy, minimizing waste and pollution. This paper presents a case study of a cleaner production program developed in a small furniture industry in Salvador de Bahia, Brazil, applying the concepts of cleaner production with parameters of ecodesign developed for the furniture industry. The object of study was the production of a wooden chair made from eucalyptus wood. The application of the cleaner production program and ecodesign parameters allowed a detailed characterization of the waste, resulting in opportunities for a reduction of the use of raw material by 30%, a reduction in waste by 49% and allowing a reduction in energy by 36% due to simplification of the productive process. Among the strategies applied were reshaping pieces, redesigning, and the substitution of materials. The results suggest that despite the existence of more complex environmental methods and approaches, the application of cleaner production plus ecodesign parameters could be more achievable for micro and small furniture industries. View Full-Text
Keywords: cleaner production; wood; waste; ecodesign; furniture cleaner production; wood; waste; ecodesign; furniture
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gutiérrez Aguilar, C.M.; Panameño, R.; Perez Velazquez, A.; Angel Álvarez, B.E.; Kiperstok, A.; César, S.F. Cleaner Production Applied in a Small Furniture Industry in Brazil: Addressing Focused Changes in Design to Reduce Waste. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1867.

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