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Sustainability 2017, 9(10), 1865; doi:10.3390/su9101865

How Leisure Venues Are and Why? A Geospatial Perspective in Wuhan, Central China

1,2,3,†
,
1,†,* , 1
,
4
,
1
and
1,2,3,*
1
School of Resource and Environmental Science, Wuhan University, 129 Luoyu Road, Wuhan 430079, China
2
Key Laboratory of Geographic Information System, Ministry of Education, Wuhan University, 129 Luoyu Road, Wuhan 430079, China
3
Collaborative Innovation Center for Geospatial Information Technology, Wuhan University, 129 Luoyu Road, Wuhan 430079, China
4
School of Urban and Environmental Science, Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430079, China
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 August 2017 / Revised: 10 October 2017 / Accepted: 12 October 2017 / Published: 17 October 2017
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Abstract

Urban leisure venues proffer spatial carriers for citizens’ leisure activities and their functions rely heavily on the spatial configuration, which have largely been ignored. The increasing needs for healthy leisure life and the availability of geospatial open data provide a rising opportunity to fill this gap. To examine the spatial distribution of leisure venues and explore its underlying dominating factors, we adopt geospatial analysis techniques—point pattern analysis and cluster analysis with multi-sources geospatial data in Wuhan, Central China. Results conclude interesting spatial discrepancy based on a three-level clustered pattern of 86520 leisure venues. We find that (1) most clusters are in urban center along the Yangtze River with all 1st-level clusters and plentiful 2nd-level and 3rd-level clusters; (2) There are just sporadic clusters in suburban areas—no 1st-level, merely one 2nd-level and some few 3rd-level ones. Moreover, we demonstrate three underlying dominating factors (i.e., the policy, population and economy) and identify that (1) No systematic (spatial-relevant) leisure policy framework is formed; (2) Population density and commercial centers have positive correlation with the distribution of leisure venues. This study contributes to spatial-relevant leisure policy-making for facilitating healthy leisure life, optimizing leisure space, guiding people-oriented urbanization transition and promoting urban competence. View Full-Text
Keywords: spatial analysis; leisure; urban policy; Wuhan; Central China spatial analysis; leisure; urban policy; Wuhan; Central China
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Liu, Y.; Jing, Y.; Cai, E.; Cui, J.; Zhang, Y.; Chen, Y. How Leisure Venues Are and Why? A Geospatial Perspective in Wuhan, Central China. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1865.

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