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Sustainability 2017, 9(1), 52; doi:10.3390/su9010052

Two-Stage DEA Analysis of Water Resource Use Efficiency

Centre for Agricultural Water Research in China, China Agricultural University, Tsinghuadong Street No. 17, Beijing 10083, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Vincenzo Torretta
Received: 23 September 2016 / Revised: 17 December 2016 / Accepted: 22 December 2016 / Published: 30 December 2016
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This paper presents an extended two-stage data envelopment analysis (DEA) method for analyzing water resource use efficiency (WRUE) and related WRUE issues, which was developed by introducing regional water resource metabolic theory into the two-stage DEA method. It has the following advantages: (1) it has the ability to reflect the inner difference and connection of the regional water resource consumption process, which developed the corresponding physical model instead of making it a “black box”; (2) the built physical model for WRUE divided the main body of water resource consumption into social and economic subsystems, which can thus elaborate WRUE; (3) it can analyze not only WRUE but also related WRUE issues. The proposed method was applied to a real-case study in Gansu Province, China. Results show that decision makers can determine the comprehensive and accurate WRUE and negative factors of WRUE in Gansu Province. Moreover, the results offer recommendations for decision makers to plan for efficient use of water resources in different cities. View Full-Text
Keywords: regional water resource metabolic theory; two-stage DEA model; water resource use efficiency; socioeconomic development efficiency; sustainable development regional water resource metabolic theory; two-stage DEA model; water resource use efficiency; socioeconomic development efficiency; sustainable development

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Ren, C.; Li, R.; Guo, P. Two-Stage DEA Analysis of Water Resource Use Efficiency. Sustainability 2017, 9, 52.

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