Concepts and Strategies of Organic Plant Breeding in Light of Novel Breeding Techniques
AbstractIn this paper, we describe the development of a set of guiding principles for the evaluation of breeding techniques by the organic sector over time. The worldwide standards of organic agriculture (OA) do not allow genetic engineering (GE) or any products derived from genetic engineering. The standards in OA are an expression of the underlying principles of health, ecology, fairness and care. The derived norms are process and not product oriented. As breeding is considered part of the process in agriculture, GE is not a neutral tool for the organic sector. The incompatibility between OA and GE is analyzed, including the “novel breeding techniques”. Instead, alternative breeding approaches are pursued based on the norms and values of organic agriculture not only on the technical level but also on the social and organizational level by including other value chain players and consumers. The status and future perspectives of the alternative directions for organic breeding are described and discussed. View Full-Text
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Nuijten, E.; Messmer, M.M.; Lammerts van Bueren, E.T. Concepts and Strategies of Organic Plant Breeding in Light of Novel Breeding Techniques. Sustainability 2017, 9, 18.
Nuijten E, Messmer MM, Lammerts van Bueren ET. Concepts and Strategies of Organic Plant Breeding in Light of Novel Breeding Techniques. Sustainability. 2017; 9(1):18.Chicago/Turabian Style
Nuijten, Edwin; Messmer, Monika M.; Lammerts van Bueren, Edith T. 2017. "Concepts and Strategies of Organic Plant Breeding in Light of Novel Breeding Techniques." Sustainability 9, no. 1: 18.
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