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Sustainability 2016, 8(9), 958; doi:10.3390/su8090958

Sustainable Development in China’s Coastal Area: Based on the Driver-Pressure-State-Welfare-Response Framework and the Data Envelopment Analysis Model

1
,
1,* , 1
and
1,2
1
Center for Studies of Marine Economy and Sustainable Development, Liaoning Normal University, 850 Huanghe Road, Dalian 116029, China
2
School of Foreign Languages, Liaoning Normal University, 850 Huanghe Road, Dalian 116029, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Helmut Haberl
Received: 12 May 2016 / Revised: 12 September 2016 / Accepted: 16 September 2016 / Published: 21 September 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Social Ecology and Sustainability)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2251 KB, uploaded 21 September 2016]   |  

Abstract

The economic development of China’s coastal areas is being constrained by resources and the environment, with sustainable development being the key to solving these problems. The data envelopment analysis (DEA) model is widely used to assess sustainable development. However, indicators used in the DEA model are not selected in a scientific and comprehensive manner, which may lead to unrepresentative results. Here, we use the driver-pressure-state-welfare-response (DPSWR) framework to select more scientific and comprehensive indicators for a more accurate analysis of efficiency in China’s coastal area. The results show that the efficiencies of most provinces and cities in China’s coastal area have a stable trend. In the time dimension, efficiency was rising before 2008, after which it decreased. In the spatial dimension, China’s coastal provinces and cities are divided into three categories: high efficiency, low efficiency, and greater changes in efficiency. By combining DPSWR and DEA, we produce reliable values for measuring efficiency, with the benefit of avoiding the incomplete selection of DEA indicators. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainable development; data envelopment analysis (DEA); DPSWR; coastal China sustainable development; data envelopment analysis (DEA); DPSWR; coastal China
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Wang, S.; Sun, C.; Li, X.; Zou, W. Sustainable Development in China’s Coastal Area: Based on the Driver-Pressure-State-Welfare-Response Framework and the Data Envelopment Analysis Model. Sustainability 2016, 8, 958.

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