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Sustainability 2016, 8(9), 934; doi:10.3390/su8090934

Research on the Synergy Degree of Aboveground and Underground Space along Urban Rail Transit from the Perspective of Urban Sustainable Development

1
Research Center of Underground Space, PLA University of Science and Technology, Nanjing 210007, China
2
State Key Laboratory of Disaster Prevention and Mitigation of Explosion and Impact, PLA University of Science and Technology, Nanjing 210007, China
3
Joint Staff, PLA Southern War Zone, Guangzhou 510000, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Tan Yigitcanlar
Received: 1 June 2016 / Revised: 29 August 2016 / Accepted: 7 September 2016 / Published: 13 September 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Urban and Rural Development)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [3555 KB, uploaded 13 September 2016]   |  

Abstract

Aboveground and underground spaces along the urban rail transit (AUSURT) are integral parts of the urban space. Collaborative planning of AUSURT can help to improve the efficiency of urban space use and boost urban sustainable development (USD). This paper attempts to conduct a study of the synergetic degree of AUSURT on the spatial level. From the perspective of USD, a synergy system of AUSURT is created firstly, which consists of four sub-systems: land use, traffic condition, population effect and underground space. Then, taking the Phase-I Project of Shenzhen Rail Transit as the example, this paper uses a sequential synergy degree model to calculate the order degrees of the sub-systems in 1999, 2005 and 2015. The system’s synergy degrees from 1999 to 2005, from 1999 to 2015 and from 2005 to 2015 are obtained next. The study shows that the order degrees of the sub-systems increase at varying speeds, and all develop to an ordered state, while the system’s synergy degree rises to 0.505 in 2015 from 0.179 in 2005, which will boost USD. Above all, the results of the study can reflect the laws of the synergetic evolution of AUSURT, providing scientific judgment and rational decision-making references for the collaborative planning. View Full-Text
Keywords: synergy degree; aboveground and underground space; sequential synergy degree model; Phase-I Project of Shenzhen Rail Transit; urban sustainable development synergy degree; aboveground and underground space; sequential synergy degree model; Phase-I Project of Shenzhen Rail Transit; urban sustainable development
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Chen, Z.; Su, L.; Zhang, C. Research on the Synergy Degree of Aboveground and Underground Space along Urban Rail Transit from the Perspective of Urban Sustainable Development. Sustainability 2016, 8, 934.

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