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Sustainability 2016, 8(9), 920; doi:10.3390/su8090920

Modeling Urban Expansion and Agricultural Land Conversion in Henan Province, China: An Integration of Land Use and Socioeconomic Data

School of Economics, Renmin University of China, 59 Zhongguancun Street, Beijing 100872, China
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Academic Editors: Federico Martellozzo and Beniamino Murgante
Received: 20 July 2016 / Revised: 29 August 2016 / Accepted: 3 September 2016 / Published: 9 September 2016
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Abstract

China has experienced rapid urban expansion and agricultural land loss, and the land conversion has accelerated in central provinces since the mid-1990s. The goal of this paper is to examine the relative importance of socioeconomic and policy factors on the urban conversion of agricultural land in Henan Province, China. Using panel econometric models, we examine how socioeconomic and policy factors affect agricultural land conversion at the county level across three time periods, 1995–2000, 2000–2005, and 2005–2010. The results show that both urban land rent and urban wages are essential factors that positively contribute to the conversion of agricultural land. It is also found that per capita GDP is correlated with more urban development and agricultural land loss. Consistent with expectations, agricultural financial support is negatively correlated with agricultural land conversion, suggesting a policy success. Finally, the decomposition analysis illustrates that urban wages are the most influential positive factor and agricultural financial support is the most influential negative factor affecting the urban conversion of agricultural land. View Full-Text
Keywords: urbanization; farmland loss; urban land-use change; land use sustainability; inland China; longitudinal data urbanization; farmland loss; urban land-use change; land use sustainability; inland China; longitudinal data
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Jiang, L.; Zhang, Y. Modeling Urban Expansion and Agricultural Land Conversion in Henan Province, China: An Integration of Land Use and Socioeconomic Data. Sustainability 2016, 8, 920.

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