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Sustainability 2016, 8(9), 903; doi:10.3390/su8090903

Integrated Land Governance for Eco-Urbanization

1
School of Economics & Management, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China
2
Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
3
Center for Chinese Agricultural Policy, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
4
Centre for Urban Policy Studies, School of Environment, Education and Development, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Tan Yigitcanlar
Received: 4 May 2016 / Revised: 18 August 2016 / Accepted: 23 August 2016 / Published: 7 September 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1858 KB, uploaded 7 September 2016]   |  

Abstract

“Eco-urbanization” emphasizes the importance of the ecological and environmental aspects of urbanization, which is to approach a balanced and healthy ecosystem through paying attention to the ecological intercorrelation of many factors. This involves balancing the stocks and utilization of multi-resources and balancing the efficiency and equality of multi-resources allocation to improve the quality of life for both urban and rural areas. In this dynamic process, resource allocations are carried out at different administrative levels, which have posed challenges of developing an integrated approach for eco-urbanization. Due to interaction and intersection of ecological activities among adjacent regions, a complex ecosystem tends to be in a fluid catchment area with dynamic flows of activities that transcend rigid administrative boundaries. The management of ecosystem sensitively impinges on the effectiveness of having an integrated approach of land governance in a comprehensive planning of urban–rural development. This will require scientific findings to support a policy-oriented management approach, which can take account of land use/cover changes (LUCC), ecosystem services and functions, interactive impacts of socio-economic transformation and climatic variations for optimum land use allocation to achieve the objective of ecosystem conservation and socio-economic development for both urban and rural area in a sustainable approach. Three aspects of development are identified as the importance of achieving advanced land governance for eco-urbanization. This paper aims to discuss these in turn: first, to find the adaptive measures in response to the uncertainty of climatic variation; second, to understand and research the scale and level of sustainable consumption for balancing resource saving and consumption; and third, to study ecological intercorrelation among multiple factors. We, therefore, argue that the far insight of “economic growth” via an ecologically-centered approach based on scientific solutions of all three aspects and intergovernmental consultations is important to support land governance for eco-urbanization and to strike a balance between environmental conservation and economic development. View Full-Text
Keywords: eco-urbanization; ecological intercorrelation; land; urbanization; urban–rural eco-urbanization; ecological intercorrelation; land; urbanization; urban–rural
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Wang, Z.; Deng, X.; Wong, C. Integrated Land Governance for Eco-Urbanization. Sustainability 2016, 8, 903.

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