Contribution of Forest Restoration to Rural Livelihoods and Household Income in Indonesia
AbstractForest resources remain vital to the survival of many rural communities, though the level of forest reliance varies across a range of sites and socio-economic settings. This article investigates variation in forest utilization across households in three ethnic groups living near a forest restoration area in Sumatra, Indonesia. Survey data were collected on 268 households, with a four-month recall period and three repeat visits to each selected household within a year. Random sampling was applied to select households in five villages and five Batin Sembilan (indigenous) semi-nomadic groups. Sampled households belonged to three ethnic groups: 15% were Batin Sembilan, 40% Local Malayan, and 45% Immigrant households. Indigenous households displayed the highest reliance on forests: 36% of their annual total income came from this source, as compared with 10% and 8% for Local and Immigrant households, respectively. Our findings showed that the livelihoods of indigenous groups were still intricately linked with forest resources, despite a rapid landscape-wide transition from natural forest to oil palm and timber plantations. View Full-Text
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Widianingsih, N.N.; Theilade, I.; Pouliot, M. Contribution of Forest Restoration to Rural Livelihoods and Household Income in Indonesia. Sustainability 2016, 8, 835.
Widianingsih NN, Theilade I, Pouliot M. Contribution of Forest Restoration to Rural Livelihoods and Household Income in Indonesia. Sustainability. 2016; 8(9):835.Chicago/Turabian Style
Widianingsih, Nayu N.; Theilade, Ida; Pouliot, Mariève. 2016. "Contribution of Forest Restoration to Rural Livelihoods and Household Income in Indonesia." Sustainability 8, no. 9: 835.
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