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Sustainability 2016, 8(8), 746; doi:10.3390/su8080746

A Comprehensive Evaluation of Urban Sustainable Development in China Based on the TOPSIS-Entropy Method

School of Remote Sensing and Information Engineering, Wuhan University, 129 Luoyu Road, Wuhan 430079, China
State Key Laboratory of Information Engineering in Surveying, Mapping and Remote Sensing, Wuhan University, 129 Luoyu Road, Wuhan 430079, China
Xi’an University of Science and Technology, 58 Yanta Road, Xi’an 710054, China
Chinese Academy of Surveying & Mapping, 28 Lianhuachixi Road, Beijing 100830, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Tan Yigitcanlar
Received: 9 June 2016 / Revised: 27 July 2016 / Accepted: 27 July 2016 / Published: 4 August 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Urban and Rural Development)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [10039 KB, uploaded 4 August 2016]   |  


The Chinese government started an important project “Geographical conditions monitoring (GCM)” in 2012, which aims at fully revealing the spatial pattern of natural resources, and economic and social development. Urban development assessment and analysis are an important topic of the comprehensive statistics in GCM project. This study quantitatively evaluates the sustainable development level of 287 cities at prefecture level and above in China and analyzes their spatial distribution. Both an index system of urban sustainable development (USI) constructed by three aspects, namely society, economy and environment, and the TOPSIS-Entropy method are adopted. The results show that the overall level of urban sustainable development in China is not high, and obvious differences in urban sustainable development among cities exist. The coordination of social, economic and environmental sustainable development in China is at a low level. In terms of spatial distribution, cities from eastern coastal areas of China are at relatively higher levels of sustainable development with central and northeastern cities ranking second and western ones lowest. Several spatial clusters of urban sustainable development can be found. The “High–High” clusters, in which cities have high levels of sustainable development, are distributed in urban agglomerations. Finally, some suggestions have been provided to achieve all-round sustainable development in China. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainable development; TOPSIS; entropy; spatial cluster; urban agglomeration sustainable development; TOPSIS; entropy; spatial cluster; urban agglomeration

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Ding, L.; Shao, Z.; Zhang, H.; Xu, C.; Wu, D. A Comprehensive Evaluation of Urban Sustainable Development in China Based on the TOPSIS-Entropy Method. Sustainability 2016, 8, 746.

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