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Sustainability 2016, 8(7), 666; doi:10.3390/su8070666

Assessing the Impacts of Chinese Sustainable Ground Transportation on the Dynamics of Urban Growth: A Case Study of the Hangzhou Bay Bridge

Institute of Agriculture Remote Sensing and Information Technology, College of Environment and Natural Resource, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China
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Academic Editor: Marc A. Rosen
Received: 10 May 2016 / Revised: 28 June 2016 / Accepted: 11 July 2016 / Published: 13 July 2016
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Abstract

Although China has promoted the construction of Chinese Sustainable Ground Transportation (CSGT) to guide sustainable development, it may create substantial challenges, such as rapid urban growth and land limitations. This research assessed the effects of the Hangzhou Bay Bridge on impervious surface growth in Cixi County, Ningbo, Zhejiang Province, China. Changes in impervious surfaces were mapped based on Landsat images from 1995, 2002, and 2009 using a combination of multiple endmember spectral mixture analysis (MESMA) and landscape metrics. The results indicated that the area and density of impervious surfaces increased significantly during construction of the Hangzhou Bay Bridge (2002–2009). Additionally, the bridge and connected road networks promoted urban development along major roads, resulting in compact growth patterns of impervious surfaces in urbanized regions. Moreover, the Hangzhou Bay Bridge promoted the expansion and densification of impervious surfaces in Hangzhou Bay District, which surrounds the bridge. The bridge also accelerated socioeconomic growth in the area, promoting rapid urban growth in Cixi County between 2002 and 2009. Overall, the Hangzhou Bay Bridge is an important driver of urban growth in Cixi County, and policy suggestions for sustainable urban growth should be adopted in the future. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainable transportation; impervious surface; Hangzhou Bay Bridge; MESMA; landscape metrics sustainable transportation; impervious surface; Hangzhou Bay Bridge; MESMA; landscape metrics
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zheng, Q.; He, S.; Huang, L.; Zheng, X.; Pan, Y.; Shahtahmassebi, A.R.; Shen, Z.; Yu, Z.; Wang, K. Assessing the Impacts of Chinese Sustainable Ground Transportation on the Dynamics of Urban Growth: A Case Study of the Hangzhou Bay Bridge. Sustainability 2016, 8, 666.

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