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Sustainability 2016, 8(7), 598; doi:10.3390/su8070598

A Socio-Institutional Approach to Brighten Complexity under Agricultural Pest Invasion Conditions

1
Departamento de Economía Aplicada y Métodos Cuantitativos, Facultad de Economía, Empresa y Turismo, Universidad de La Laguna (ULL), Campus de Guajara, 38200 La Laguna, Spain
2
Departamento de Geografía, Facultad de Geografía e Historia, Universidad de La Laguna (ULL), Campus de Guajara, 38200 La Laguna, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Iain Gordon
Received: 28 February 2016 / Revised: 16 June 2016 / Accepted: 20 June 2016 / Published: 25 June 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Role of Agroecology in Archieving Sustainable Agriculture)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2537 KB, uploaded 25 June 2016]   |  

Abstract

This study illustrates the inherent complexity and uncertainties surrounding the Guatemalan potato moth pest on Tenerife that has affected potato crops for several decades using a Socio-Institutional methodology and a farmers’ focus group. It focuses on detecting major socioeconomic and environmental impacts caused by the pest. It identifies the stakeholders and historical decisions involved as well as systemic uncertainties. This methodology generates socially robust knowledge and introduces new variables into future decision-making processes. The results show that the efforts made so far to control the pest, based on technical and scientific knowledge, have not been commensurate with the enormous complexity of the issue. Novel alternatives to eliminate the plague and new recommendations have emerged after the application of the methodology. These alternatives and recommendations are related to breaking the reproduction cycle of the moth; promoting agro-ecological strategies and participatory processes; and dealing with uncertainties such as climate change or loss of agro-biodiversity on the island. View Full-Text
Keywords: complexity; socio-institutional analysis; stakeholders; governance; Guatemalan potato moth; uncertainty; agricultural pest complexity; socio-institutional analysis; stakeholders; governance; Guatemalan potato moth; uncertainty; agricultural pest
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Romero Manrique de Lara, D.; Corral, S.; Legna de la Nuez, D.; Hernández Hernández, J. A Socio-Institutional Approach to Brighten Complexity under Agricultural Pest Invasion Conditions. Sustainability 2016, 8, 598.

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