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Sustainability 2016, 8(6), 505; doi:10.3390/su8060505

Assessing Jatropha Crop Production Alternatives in Abandoned Agricultural Arid Soils Using MCA and GIS

1
Departmento of Economía Aplicada y Métodos Cuantitativos, Universidad de La Laguna, Canary Islands 38071, Spain
2
Departmento de Biología Animal y Edafología y Geología, Universidad de La Laguna, Canary Islands 38200, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Fausto Cavallaro
Received: 28 February 2016 / Revised: 28 April 2016 / Accepted: 18 May 2016 / Published: 25 May 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1787 KB, uploaded 25 May 2016]   |  

Abstract

This paper discusses the assessment of various biofuel crop production alternatives on the island of Fuerteventura using Jatropha crops. It adopts an integrated approach by carrying out a multi-criteria assessment with the support of participatory techniques and geographical information systems. Sixteen production alternatives were analyzed for growing Jatropha, and the results suggest that the best alternative involves using typical torrifluvent soils irrigated with recycled urban wastewater using surface drip irrigation covering 100% evapotranspiration. It was also determined that a potential area of 2546 ha could be used for cultivation within a radius of 10 km from a wastewater treatment plant. This level of production would supply 27.56% of the biofuel needs of Fuerteventura, thereby contributing to the 2020 target of the European Commission regarding biofuels for land transport. View Full-Text
Keywords: Jatropha crops; arid soils; water and energy consumption; multi-criteria assessment; GIS; island-scale production feasibility Jatropha crops; arid soils; water and energy consumption; multi-criteria assessment; GIS; island-scale production feasibility
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Corral, S.; Romero Manrique de Lara, D.; Tejedor Salguero, M.; Jimenez Mendoza, C.C.; Legna-de la Nuez, D.; Dorta Santos, M.; Díaz Peña, F. Assessing Jatropha Crop Production Alternatives in Abandoned Agricultural Arid Soils Using MCA and GIS. Sustainability 2016, 8, 505.

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