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Sustainability 2016, 8(5), 499; doi:10.3390/su8050499

Trans-Boundary Haze Pollution in Southeast Asia: Sustainability through Plural Environmental Governance

1
Division of Sociology, Nanyang Technological University, 14 Nanyang Drive, Singapore 637332
2
Division of Psychology, Nanyang Technological University, 14 Nanyang Drive, Singapore 637332
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marc A. Rosen
Received: 29 February 2016 / Revised: 4 May 2016 / Accepted: 13 May 2016 / Published: 21 May 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainability through the Lens of Environmental Sociology)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [413 KB, uploaded 21 May 2016]   |  

Abstract

Recurrent haze in Southeast Asian countries including Singapore is largely attributable to rampant forest fires in Indonesia due to, for example, extensive slash-and-burn (S & B) culture. Drawing on the “treadmill of production” and environmental governance approach, we examine causes and consequences of this culture. We found that, despite some perceived benefits, its environmental consequences include deforestation, soil erosion and degradation, global warming, threats to biodiversity, and trans-boundary haze pollution, while the societal consequences comprise regional tension, health risks, economic and productivity losses, as well as food insecurity. We propose sustainability through a plural coexistence framework of governance for targeting S & B that incorporates strategies of incentives, education and community resource management. View Full-Text
Keywords: slash-and-burn; environmental governance; haze; Indonesia; plural coexistence; global warming; Singapore slash-and-burn; environmental governance; haze; Indonesia; plural coexistence; global warming; Singapore
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Islam, M.S.; Hui Pei, Y.; Mangharam, S. Trans-Boundary Haze Pollution in Southeast Asia: Sustainability through Plural Environmental Governance. Sustainability 2016, 8, 499.

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