Wetland Transitions and Protection under Rapid Urban Expansion: A Case Study of Pearl River Estuary, China
AbstractUnderstanding wetland changes under urbanization is important for wetland management. In this study, net transition intensity (NTI) and total transition intensity (TTI) are presented to characterize wetland transitions based on spatial data obtained from Landsat satellite images of Pearl River estuary in South China. NTI is commonly used to represent changes in absolute amounts for each class of wetland, while TTI reflects the internal transition activities and amounts. The third index, the urbanization intensity index (UII), is used to investigate the intensity and velocity of urban land expansion at the same time periods. The results show that one-third of the total wetland area was lost from 1979 to 2009 in the study area and seven types of estuarine wetlands were degraded. The basic pattern of wetland transition is from natural wetlands to constructed wetlands and then to urban lands. Intertidal mud and sand and paddy fields were the major natural and constructed wetlands, respectively, transferred to urban lands. The TTI value was generally greater than the NTI value for these wetlands. TTI >> NTI is an important indicator for wetland transitions under rapid urban expansion in the Pearl River estuary. Based on the integration of the two indices (NTI and TTI), a protection and management plan framework for the Pearl River estuary wetlands is proposed. This plan emphasizes the key and important zones and their different features, and includes actions that can be implemented in and around natural and constructed wetlands. View Full-Text
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Zhao, H.; Wang, X.; Cai, Y.; Liu, W. Wetland Transitions and Protection under Rapid Urban Expansion: A Case Study of Pearl River Estuary, China. Sustainability 2016, 8, 471.
Zhao H, Wang X, Cai Y, Liu W. Wetland Transitions and Protection under Rapid Urban Expansion: A Case Study of Pearl River Estuary, China. Sustainability. 2016; 8(5):471.Chicago/Turabian Style
Zhao, Hui; Wang, Xiaodan; Cai, Yanjiang; Liu, Weilong. 2016. "Wetland Transitions and Protection under Rapid Urban Expansion: A Case Study of Pearl River Estuary, China." Sustainability 8, no. 5: 471.