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Sustainability 2016, 8(5), 468; doi:10.3390/su8050468

Have Market-oriented Reforms Decoupled China’s CO2 Emissions from Total Electricity Generation? An Empirical Analysis

1
School of Economics, Hebei University, Baoding 071002, Hebei, China
2
Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL, UK
3
Department of Economics and Management, North China Electric Power University, Baoding 071003, Hebei, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Andrew Kusiak
Received: 19 March 2016 / Revised: 26 April 2016 / Accepted: 29 April 2016 / Published: 11 May 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Energy Sustainability)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [716 KB, uploaded 11 May 2016]   |  

Abstract

Achieving the decoupling of electric CO2 emissions from total electricity generation is important in ensuring the sustainable socioeconomic development of China. To realize this, China implemented market-oriented reforms to its electric power industry at the beginning of 2003. This study used the Tapio decoupling index, the Laspeyres decomposition algorithm, and decoupling-related data from 1993 to 2012 to evaluate the effect of these reforms. Several conclusions can be drawn based on the empirical analysis. (1) The reforms changed the developmental trend of the decoupling index and facilitated its progress towards strong decoupling. (2) The results forecasted through fitting the curve to the decoupling index indicate that strong decoupling would be realized by 2030. (3) Limiting the manufacturing development and upgrading the generation equipment of the thermal power plants are essential for China to achieve strong decoupling at an early date. (4) China should enhance regulatory pressures and guidance for appropriate investment in thermal power plants to ensure the stable development of the decoupling index. (5) Transactions between multiple participants and electricity price bidding play active roles in the stable development of the decoupling index. View Full-Text
Keywords: Tapio decoupling index; Laspeyres decomposition; electric power industry; CO2 emissions; China Tapio decoupling index; Laspeyres decomposition; electric power industry; CO2 emissions; China
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Shang, W.; Pei, G.; Walsh, C.; Meng, M.; Meng, X. Have Market-oriented Reforms Decoupled China’s CO2 Emissions from Total Electricity Generation? An Empirical Analysis. Sustainability 2016, 8, 468.

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